Resources http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/taxonomy/term/67 en Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns in French http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/handbook-nonviolent-campaigns-french <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--40812.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="40812" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2017-07/cover_small.png?itok=O9HCzVPQ 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/png"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-07/cover_small.png?itok=SFgtWsXO 1x" type="image/png"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-07/cover_small.png?itok=SFgtWsXO" alt="Cover of Manuel Pour Des Campagnes Non-Violentes" title="Manuel Pour Des Campagnes Non-Violentes" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">Manuel Pour Des Campagnes Non-Violentes</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 25 Jul 2017</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>WRI's Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns is now available in French! The translation was completed by friends at the <a href="http://www.unionpacifiste.org/">Union Pacifiste de France</a>, collaborating with WRI staff on the design work – to get a copy of the book, please email <a href="mailto:andrew@wri-irg.org">andrew@wri-irg.org</a>.</p> <p>The French translation is also available on our new website, Empowering Nonviolence: <a href="http://www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org/fr">www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org/fr</a></p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">Nonviolence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/123" hreflang="en">France</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=40812&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="7KdY2C9Fkd1PLiZ5rYlKGoQw30vb3gV02DRTXb5BQwU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 25 Jul 2017 09:17:03 +0000 HBrock 40812 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/handbook-nonviolent-campaigns-french#comments Call for submissions: New Worlds in Old Shells http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/call-for-submissions-new-worlds-in-old-shells <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--27012.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="27012" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 04 Jan 2017</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx"> </p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'filter_caption' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-left"><div alt="Permaculture farmers in El Salvador" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="3f4a2730-ed52-4ace-8818-878fae8ae4c3" data-langcode="en" title=""> <img alt="Permaculture farmers in El Salvador" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/CP.home.jpg?itok=Yy2E-l6a" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/CP.home.jpg?itok=OsG3GJxD 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <figcaption>Permaculture farmers in El Salvador</figcaption></figure><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">When we think of social change, we often think of protests, campaigns, and direct action. These are all vital ways to say “no!” to destructive practices and institutions.</p> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">However, it's equally important that we are building concrete alternatives, where we say “yes!” to the vision of the world we want. Built on the same power analysis as our nonviolent direct action, “constructive programmes” demonstrate the radical alternatives – to militarism and the causes of climate change, for example – that our world desperately needs, and puts them into practise in the here and now.</p> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">For Gandhi, a nonviolent revolution without a constructive programme was impossible; direct action and social change efforts had to be embedded in empowered and vibrant communities that were bringing their own radical and egalitarian visions of life. Along with protest and direct action, Gandhi called for communities in India to start building the world they wanted to see, to build a new world in the shell of the old. This approach to social change is – of course – not limited to the Indian independence movement, there are many examples of such work taking place all over the world.</p> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">War Resisters' International (<a href="http://www.wri-irg.org">www.wri-irg.org</a>) is a global network of pacifists and antimilitarist organisations working for a world without war. In the past, we have created resources for nonviolent activists to use in organizing actions and campaigns. Our Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns is now published in over ten languages (<a href="http://www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org">www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org</a>). </font></font><strong><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">We are now beginning to develop a new book, called "New Worlds in Old Shells".</font></font></strong><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> New Worlds in Old Shells will explore constructive programme – both modern and historical - based on the stories and experiences of communities involved in such social change. The work is being led by an international editorial committee from across the WRI network.</font></font></p> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">In preparing this resource, WRI's Nonviolence Programme is discovering that communities around the world have been developing similar approaches: women's textile projects in Turkey that focus on empowerment, community land trusts in the USA, the Via Campesina movement, and the radical housing coop movement in the UK are just a handful of examples – there are many more.</p> <p class="western" lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx">We are rooting our analysis in six key values:</p> <ul><li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Equality:</b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> recognition that each person has value, a commitment to equal rights, and ensuring equitable access to opportunities and resources.</font></font></p> </li> <li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Emancipation:</b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> c</font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">ommitment to freeing ourselves and our communities from all forms of domination.</font></font></p> </li> <li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Community:</b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> c</font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">ommitment to building a sense of belonging and interconnection between people, both locally and globally, and always with respect for our differences.</font></font></p> </li> <li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Sustainability/ecology:</b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> c</font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">ommitment to nurture our environment for the long-term welfare of all.</font></font></p> </li> <li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Nonviolence:</b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"> c</font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">ommitment to overcome all forms of violence and oppression.</font></font></p> </li> <li> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt"><b>Economic Justice: </b></font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">c</font></font><font size="2"><font style="font-size: 11pt">ommitment to building economies that allow individuals and communities to flourish, without harming one community to benefit another.</font></font></p> </li> </ul><p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">We are keen to hear from others involved in similar work, to share ideas and analysis. We hope to build a broad base of knowledge and skills that is useful to other activists around the world.</p> <p class="western" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><b>For more information on this project, please email Andrew Metheven at <a href="mailto:andrew@wri-irg.org">andrew@wri-irg.org</a>. For more information on War Resisters’ International, see <a href="http://www.wri-irg.org">www.wri-irg.org</a>, and for our nonviolence resources, see <a href="http://www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org">www.nonviolence.wri-irg.org</a>.</b></p> <pre>  </pre></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/office" hreflang="en">From the office</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/66" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Training</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=27012&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="USGrXH8Wn3UHal2d_EeNaqvEhB3RyikXGiaN1_cDRHY"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Wed, 04 Jan 2017 14:11:12 +0000 HBrock 27012 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/call-for-submissions-new-worlds-in-old-shells#comments Broken Rifle #105 – Antimilitarism and climate change http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/broken-rifle-105-antimilitarism-and-climate-change <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--26491.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="26491" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 31 May 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="9ea0bae3-7143-40a4-abf7-47bd387873e4" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/rsz_front_cover.home.jpg?itok=l7k8fWMX 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/rsz_front_cover.home.jpg?itok=5aEZnDiQ" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /><!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> We have just published the most recent edition of the Broken Rifle, WRI's magazine. This edition focused on the relationships between the antimilitiarist and environmental movements, at a time when the impacts of climate change are starting to be felt, and world leaders turn towards militarised solutions. The magazine featured articles <a href="/mining-gender-and-militarism-in-Africa">from WoMin</a>, an African gender and extractives alliance, on the way both movements can <a href="/en/node/26448">converge on conversion</a>, and the way <a href="/en/node/26441">responses to climate change</a> are being militarised. <p lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx" xml:lang="zxx">The full magazine can be read on our website here: <a href="/en/epublish/21/695">/en/epublish/21/695</a> and the magazine version can be found on Issuu here: <a href="https://issuu.com/warresistersint/docs/design">https://issuu.com/warresistersint/docs/design</a></p> <!--break--> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=26491&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="aUh3M_gRVHEd_MIKROImRrcSVhaLd9KKPJFYxapO8BU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 31 May 2016 14:51:02 +0000 cmoy 26491 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/broken-rifle-105-antimilitarism-and-climate-change#comments Writing for War Resisters' International http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/Writing-for-WRI <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--26471.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="26471" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 19 May 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>War Resisters' International is a network of activists and activist organisations, and we want our newsletters to reflect this; we don't just bemoan the state of the world as it is, we actively try to change it. We hope our newsletters highlight the work being done by activists around the world. We welcome work by seasoned writer-activists, and those telling their story for the first time.</p> <h2>Publications</h2> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'filter_caption' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-right"><div alt="The Broken Rifle is WRI's main newsletter" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="60970906-d553-4e18-878c-a5c9d8fec4d1" data-langcode="en" title=""> <img alt="The Broken Rifle is WRI's main newsletter" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/broken%20rifle%20cover.home.jpg?itok=y5QTWW7M" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/broken%20rifle%20cover.home.jpg?itok=iMWAndzo 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <figcaption>The Broken Rifle is WRI's main newsletter</figcaption></figure><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p>War Resisters' International produces several newsletters and publications on different themes, and we welcome contributions to all of them.</p> <ul><li><strong>The Broken Rifle</strong> is our main newsletter, produced three times a year, with several articles written by different people from around the world on a particular theme. Recent editions can be found here: <a href="/en/br-home.htm">/en/br-home.htm</a> The theme of the next edition can normally be found advertised in the previous one. To submit an idea for a story, email: <a href="mailto:info@wri-irg.org">info@wri-irg.org</a> with “The Broken Rifle submission” as a subject line.</li> <li><strong>War Profiteers News</strong> is a summary of news and analysis against war profiteering and the arms trade. It is produced every two to three months. Recent editions can be found here: <a href="/en/publications/war_profiteers">/en/publications/war_profiteers</a> To submit an idea for a story, email: <a href="mailto:warprofiteersnews-editor@wri-irg.org">andrew@wri-irg.org</a></li> <li><strong>CO Update</strong> is a quarterly summary of news and activism in relation to conscientious objection and struggles and conscription. To submit an idea for a story, email: <a href="mailto:hannah@wri-irg.org">hannah@wri-irg.org</a></li> <li><strong><a href="http://antimili-youth.net/">Antimili-youth.net</a></strong> is a WRI website covering the issues around youth militarisation and resistance to it across different countries. We welcome articles highlighting the ways how children and young people are engaged in armed force and violence across the globe. To submit an idea for a story, email: <a href="mailto:cmoy@wri-irg.org">cmoy@wri-irg.org</a></li> </ul><p>We can also post stories on our website unrelated to particular publications. For example, reports of actions. Write to <a href="mailto:info@wri-irg.org">info@wri-irg.org</a> with your proposals.</p> <h2>Translation</h2> <p>We want to bring to the fore voices and stories of resistance not being heard in mainstream, and we want writers to feel comfortable in expressing themselves. To help with this we accept work in whatever language a writer feels most comfortable writing in, and have a team of volunteer translators who make sure work is translated into at least the four languages WRI typically uses; English, French, German and Spanish. We can normally find a translator to translate from other languages as well, but can take a little longer.</p> <p>If you are a translator, you might find our <a href="/en/node/899/">translation guide helpful</a>, with common WRI terminology translated into Turkish, German, French, Spanish and English.</p> <h2>Writing style</h2> <p>We don't have a formal style guide, but we encourage authors to:</p> <ul><li><strong>Be concise:</strong> most of our articles are no longer than 2000 words, and many are shorter. When you contact us with your idea for an article we will let you know how long we want it to be.</li> <li><strong>Remember your audience:</strong> we are a global network and your work will be read by people with little knowledge of the context you are writing from – avoid jargon, unexplained/expanded acronyms, or colloquialisms that won't be clear. Many people will not necessarily be reading in their first language.</li> <li><strong>Bring out stories of resistance:</strong> don't just tell us what the problems are, tell us what people are doing to challenge the perpetrators and find nonviolent solutions.</li> <li><strong>Use the active voice:</strong> wherever possible, use short, clear sentences using the active voice. <a href="https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/CCS_activevoice.html">https://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/CCS_activevoice.html</a></li> <li><strong>References:</strong> our publications are not academic journals, and we don't expect articles to be fully referenced. However, it is helpful if claims and statistics can be followed up, and this gives weight to your argument. Try and provide a link or reference where possible.</li> </ul><ul><li> <p><strong>Photographs:</strong> we try and post at least one photo, image or graphic with each story we post. It's easier if these are suggested or supplied by the author, who will have access to images that we do not. Try and think early on in your writing process about what images could be used to make the piece more visually stimulating. We find that long pieces of text without any images are less likely to be read, as they can look intimidating.</p> </li> </ul><p>Thank you for considering writing for WRI - we look forward to hearing from you!</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=26471&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="8P0UTlG1bBHVMXZVaPH4XL7l7qbQZie2zRUdT4VLIvo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Thu, 19 May 2016 09:39:56 +0000 Andrew 26471 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/Writing-for-WRI#comments International day of Nonviolence special offer: Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/international-day-nonviolence-special-offer-handbook-nonviolent-campaigns <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--24999.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="24999" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 02 Oct 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong></strong></p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="d510222a-8c2f-4833-af2b-d2b135754f7f" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/cover%20for%20web.home.jpg?itok=8CFFPKyF 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/cover%20for%20web.home.jpg?itok=8hffiRKw" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> Two books for the price of one! 2nd October is 'International day of Nonviolence', so until the 9th October, if you buy a copy of the 2nd edition of the Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns, we'll include a copy of the first edition to pass on to a friend! Both editions are available in <a href="/node/24996">English</a> and <a href="/node/24998">Spanish</a>.<br /></p> <p>In 2009, War Resisters' International released the 'Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns'; a toolbox of ideas and resources to support activists to run more effective campaigns. The full first edition is available online here: <a href="/pubs/NonviolenceHandbook" rel="nofollow">www.wri-irg.org/pubs/NonviolenceHandbook</a>. The original was translated into over ten languages, including Spanish, German, Tigrinya (spoken in Eritrea), Nepalese, Turkish, and Arabic, and has been used by activists all over the world.</p> <p>Click here for the <a href="/node/24996">English</a>, and here for the <a href="/node/24998">Spanish</a>.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">Nonviolence</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/414" hreflang="en">Training Exercises</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-other-publications--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Other publications</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/75" hreflang="en">Books</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=24999&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="YDoQU_Ws0VjYuobDFNwPtutSZmCDJGMyA8dZN7mU7JM"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 02 Oct 2015 12:15:13 +0000 HBrock 24999 at http://updates.wri-irg.org Second edition of the Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns is launched! http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/HandbookLaunched <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--23248.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="23248" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 25 Jul 2014</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>The new handbook is available from the WRI webshop, here: </strong><strong><a href="/node/23245"></a></strong></p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="661b1079-3f36-4a9d-8c89-bf26295810f5" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/handbook%20cover.home.jpg?itok=0TpxmfTA 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/handbook%20cover.home.jpg?itok=Sfb5IMFK" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> </p> <p><strong><a href="/node/23245">/node/23245</a></strong></p> <p>At the 'Small Actions, Big Movements' conference in South Africa, War Resisters' International released the new edition of the 'Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns'. At a launch event, different contributors read from the handbook, described the inspiration behind creating a new edition, and explained their various contributions.</p> <p>The handbook aims to show how a group can achieve their goals by developing a strategy (a plan as to how they will exert the necessary pressure to make change), before exploring what strategy looks like in reality. The handbook was written by over 30 people from countries all over the world, and aims to reflect and empower nonviolent activists internationally.</p> <p>While acknowledging that people come to use nonviolence for a whole range of reasons (moral, political, strategic, even spiritual), the handbook starts with a single, concerete definition of violence;</p> <p>"This handbook is specifically about nonviolence in action - what nonviolence looks like as a tool to challenge violence and oppression." </p><p>The handbook is a selection of methods, tools, and experiences of using nonviolence to create tangible, long-lasting change in situations of violence and oppression. While our movements are diverse, we all share the common goal of challenging violence and oppression in our communities. Campaigners against extractive industries in South America, community nonviolence trainers in Kenya, and activists blocking nuclear convoy routes in Germany all share as a common theme: they struggle against a form of <strong>violence</strong>, and to do this they build their movement's <strong>power</strong> and enter into nonviolent <strong>conflict</strong>.</p> <p>This is why we included new content at the beginning of the handbook reflecting on the different ways violence, power and conflict can be understood. Violence is a universal ill; we all experience it, and every activists is acting against it in some form. Conflict and power are, in many ways, the roots of our work. When we campaign, we enter into conflict with our adversaries, using nonviolent methods. Our work aims to build the power we need to change the conditions that allows violence to flourish.</p> <p>Power is something we act against, too; the power of elites, who have 'power over' people and situations. The handbook tries to de-construct some of this power, showing it for what it is ("people in positions of power do not have in themselves any more power than any other human being") by giving means and methods for undermining it. Using the methods used by activists from a wide range of countries, the handbook aims to illustrate, exemplify, and take inspiration from those who are already resisting violence.</p> <p>The handbook also includes a variety of tools for training in nonviolence. Exercises like the 'pillars of power' help us to dissect the ways that a particular violence is upheld by social, cultural, economic or political conidtions. The 'spectrum of allies' exercise helps us to dissect the ways that different societal groups participate and support our movements (or give tacit or active support to our adversaries), allowing us a chance to grapple with the ways we might change these condtions. Other exercises help activists to move from their broad strategic aim to creating actions to achieve it.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/8" hreflang="en">Nonviolence</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/414" hreflang="en">Training Exercises</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/66" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Training</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-other-publications--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Other publications</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/75" hreflang="en">Books</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=23248&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="EkwbvkPM9G8Q-GAw_AQPGMRNk722rTyDXCwFhg7zgKo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 25 Jul 2014 10:46:13 +0000 HBrock 23248 at http://updates.wri-irg.org Resources http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2013/resources <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--22126.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="22126" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 26 Jul 2013</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><a href="”/SowingSeedsOnline" target="”_blank”">Back to the Contents of the book</a></p> <p><strong>WRI's Countering the Militarisation of Youth project</strong> - <a href="”/programmes/militarisationofyouth" target="”_blank”">http://wri-irg.org/programmes/militarisationofyouth</a> (our forthcoming website of short articles, visual, audio, and other resources documenting the militarisation of youth around the world and sharing ideas on how to challenge it, will be linked to from here)</p> <p><strong>Countering the Militarisation of Youth 2012 conference Reader</strong> - <a href="”/militarisationofyouth/DarmstadtReader" target="”_blank”">http://wri-irg.org/militarisationofyouth/DarmstadtReader</a></p> <p><strong>The Broken Rifle 92 ('Countering the Militarisation of Youth', 2012)</strong> - <a href="”/pubs/br92-en.htm" target="”_blank”">http://wri-irg.org/pubs/br92-en.htm</a></p> <p><strong>The Broken Rifle 88 ('Military Out of Schools', 2011)</strong> - <a href="”/pubs/br88-en.htm" target="”_blank”">http://wri-irg.org/pubs/br88-en.htm</a></p> <p><strong>WRI's Militarisation of Youth survey data and analysis</strong> – <a href="”/surveydata" target="”_blank”">http://wri-irg.org/surveydata</a></p> <p><strong>Online discussions on how to combat the militarisation of young people</strong> - <a href="//www.newtactics.org/conversation/tactics-combating-militarisation" target="”_blank”">http://www.newtactics.org/conversation/tactics-combating-militarisation</a></p> <p><strong>The National Network Opposing the Militarisation of Youth (NNOMY)</strong> - <a href="//www.facebook.com/NNOMYfriends" target="”_blank”">http://www.facebook.com/NNOMYfriends</a></p> <p><strong>Stop Recruiting Kids campaign</strong> - <a href="//www.facebook.com/StopRecruitingKids" target="”_blank”">http://www.facebook.com/StopRecruitingKids</a></p> <p><strong>New Profile</strong> - <a href="//newprofile.org/english" target="”_blank”">http://newprofile.org/english</a></p> <p><strong>ForcesWatch</strong> - <a href="//forceswatch.net" target="”_blank”">http://forceswatch.net</a></p> <p><strong>Lernen Für den Frieden</strong> - <a href="//www.lernenfuerdenfrieden.de/" target="”_blank”">http://www.lernenfuerdenfrieden.de/</a></p> <p><strong>Desmilitaritzem l’Educació</strong> - <a href="//desmilitaritzem.blog.pangea.org/" target="”_blank”">http://desmilitaritzem.blog.pangea.org/</a></p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/433" hreflang="en">Militarisation of Youth</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/442" hreflang="en">Militarisation of Youth</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=22126&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="rXugXR6OEVae0q47FbHP717x-Pzgdsw7D25qLahjycY"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 26 Jul 2013 14:34:30 +0000 HBrock 22126 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2013/resources#comments Técnicas para tomar decisiones por consenso en grupos grandes: el método del consejo de portavoces http://updates.wri-irg.org/es/story/2010/tecnicas-para-tomar-decisiones-por-consenso-en-grupos-grandes-el-metodo-del-consejo-de <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--10795.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="10795" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 20 Sep 2010</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><a href="/wiki/index.php/Nonviolence+Handbook">back to table of content</a> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="7aa8e831-06f1-4cec-8d4a-270a91b1ef4a" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/arton4628.thumbnail.gif?itok=mACc_ZIW 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/arton4628.thumbnail.gif?itok=ieYkWkOF" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>The processes and techniques which can be found below show/ prove that even in large groups of hundreds and thousands of people, it is possible to make decisions in a democratic, horizontal, participative manner, without hierarchy, delegations, hierarchies or votes/ voting. These techniques are borne out of the experience of different social grassroots based movements over the past thirty years, mainly in the organization of mass civil disobedience actions. This text focuses on consensus decision making using the assembly or spokesperson council method, their variations and other dynamics which can be used in large groups. The experience in introducing these techniques allows us to anticipate the main problems faced when introducing this methodology, as well as suggestions as to how to overcome them. At the end, a handful/ several exercises and dynamics are proposed in order to develop and practice the skills necessary for a group to be able to make group consensus decision making work.</em><br /></p><h2>Consensus in large groups...</h2> <p>Is ....impossible: the maximum size of a group of people whereby everyone can be heard and answered totals about 15-20 people. Therefore the key to consensus based decision making in large groups is to reduce the problem so that consensus is indeed possible: therefore by dividing the large group into small groups. In small groups:</p> <ul><li>Dialogue is possible</li> <li>Debates can happen</li> <li>Clear and well thought through conclusions are presented to the rest of the groups</li> </ul><p>The process towards consensus in large groups uses the <strong>assembly or spokesperson council structure.</strong> The process has to be as <em>clear</em> as possible for everyone and must be accepted amongst all the participants. Along with all these thoughts on methodology, one must not lose sight of the fact that it is the <em>practice</em> and <em>experience</em> of the participants which makes consensus based decisions possible.</p> <h2>Conditions for consensus based decision making</h2> <p>Consensus decision making depends (greatly so, in the case of large groups) on certain previous conditions being met:</p> <ul><li><em>Common Objective:</em> Everyone in the meeting needs to have a common interest/ objective (if an action needs to be carried out at a specific event or there is a shared ethical value). Obviously the more people in a meeting, the more opinions there will be. Therefore, by finding this common interest and going back to this point when differences emerge, it can help maintain a more focused/ united group.</li> <li><em>Compromise with consensus.</em> Consensus requires compromise, patience, tolerance and determination to place the group above all else. In the consensus model, disagreement can be used as a tool in order to help reach a more solid final decision.</li> <li><em>Enough Time:</em> All the decision making techniques need time if we want to ensure that the decision reached is of high quality. Consensus is not an exception. In international groups one needs to allow time for translation. In the spokesperson’s council, time is needed to consult with Affinity Groups so that they can reach their own consensus.</li> <li><em>Clear Procedure:</em> It is essential that each group understand the procedure adopted at the meeting. As there are variations of this procedure, even if we have experience with these tools, it is possible that a group uses the procedure in a different way. There can be a <em>group agreement or basic rules</em> which are decided upon at the beginning of the meeting. For example, that consensus will be used, the manual signs will be used (see appendix), that one cannot interrupt if someone else is speaking, active participation, that we reject oppressive behaviour, that we respect everybody’s opinion, that we will try and stick to the time available. Sticking up a piece of paper with a flow chart of the <em>consensus based decision</em> making process will help remind people in which phase of the procedure they are in at any given moment. It also helps to explain the consensus based decision making process at the beginning of a meeting because there could be some new people present.</li> <li><em>Good facilitation and active participation:</em> Nominating one or more facilitators can help the meeting where there are a large group of people run more smoothly. The dynamics of the group needs to ensure that the group works in harmony, in a creative and democratic manner. They are also there so as to ensure that the objective of the meeting is achieved, that the decision made is implemented. In order for this to happen, active support by all those present is required.</li> </ul><p> </p> <h3>Structure</h3> <p>In the consensus based decision making model through the Spokespersons council, the large group divides into smaller groups: the so called <strong>affinity groups</strong> o base groups (AG). The same issues are discussed in parallel within these groups. Each one of these groups sends one or two spokespersons to a <strong>spokespersons’ council or assembly of spokespersons (SC)</strong>. In the SC:</p> <ul><li>The whole procedure is coordinated</li> <li>The AG’s conclusions are exchanged</li> <li>Decisions are made</li> </ul><p>The SC is a rather small group so as to enable <em>direct</em> communication. As in the SC, there is greater focus on the <em>exchange</em> of ideas rather than in the <em>deep debates</em>, there is the capacity to have even more participants (an SC made up of thirty people is still viable if certain restrictions are applied). The combination of <strong>affinity groups</strong> and <strong>spokesperson council</strong> makes it possible for:</p> <ul><li>Everyone to hear about the results and conclusions without being present at the debates.</li> <li>Good ideas and important arguments of one AG to reach the other AGs through the SC</li> <li>Reflection on a greater number of suggestions because the large group is not having to listen to each person individually.</li> </ul><h2>Procedure</h2> <p>The decision making process can be divided into 8 steps. These steps are divided between the SC and the AG. The SC needs to coordinate the work within the AGs: in order for the results of the AGs to be brought together, the same steps need to be followed. This is not a linear process. There are points which one goes back on. For example, when the SC does not reach a consensus, it is agreed that the next step is to get back into AGs in order to develop new ideas. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4d271b7f-1edf-48d7-8ece-e2cbaee52a54" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/diagrama-eng2.thumbnail.gif?itok=bgBSjIRr 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/diagrama-eng2.thumbnail.gif?itok=bgBSjIRr" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p>   An issue or question is addressed in the SC: or an AG puts forward a proposal to the committee, or from the outside a question is put forward, or a problem relating to the current situation is revealed. Before beginning, <strong>the problem needs to be sufficiently explained</strong> so that all the participants understand it and can explain it to their groups. If they are unaware of an important bit of information, the spokespersons ask within their AG or someone takes on the task of finding out this information.  <br /></p><h3>Formulate the issue you are deciding on.</h3> <p>The SC formulates the question upon which a decision is to be made. This question is passed on to the AGs.   <strong>To express opinions, interests, desires and needs. Gather ideas. Debate ideas.</strong> Here there is no difference between the large group procedures and the normal model of consensus decisions. It is very useful if the AGs first clarify <em>what their interests, desires and needs are in order to reach a final decision.</em> The ideas are then collected which will enable us to avoid problems. No ideas are evaluated until all of them have been collected. In the debate the <em>viability</em> and <em>consequences</em> of each proposal are analyzed. The members of the group form an opinion. The group talks amongst each other until <em>possible solutions</em> to the problem are found. Finally, a group develops <em>decision proposals.</em> <strong>Creating a consensus based proposal</strong> The AGs’ proposals and opinions are reunited again with the spokespersons in the SC. It is here that the results of the different groups are adjusted. In the SC, <em>the interests and needs behind the proposals need to be expressed</em>. The same applies to theories, arguments and evaluations which have influenced the opinion of the group. Knowing all this will facilitate the rest of the groups to find a solution which is well accepted by everyone. In cases where not everyone proposes the same thing, <em>a proposal based on the results of the AGs</em> will be formulated which has a good chance of being accepted by the groups. If it is a matter of choosing between different alternatives, these alternatives should be stated as concrete proposals. <strong>Personal Assessment</strong> The spokespersons pass on the consensus based proposal (or the choice between various alternatives) to their respective AGs. Each member of the group expresses their personal opinion. When it comes to judging between various alternatives, the group must <em>put them in order of preference</em>. If the AGs only mention their preferred choice the SC will not have enough material with which to create a new proposal. <strong>Making a decision</strong> With the AGs’ preferences, the spokespersons convene once again in the SC. Now the council must identify whether consensus has been reached. If the <em>consensus is partial</em>, only on some points, any other points which are disagreed upon will be part of a <em>new question to be decided upon</em>. If consensus is not reached first time round, a back and forth game begins between the SC and the AGs:</p> <ul><li>As a result of the groups’ previous feedback another consensus based proposal is formed in the SC.</li> <li></li> <li>Due to new information coming from the SC, some people or groups change their position.</li> </ul><p>Something is decided which reaches consensus, in the SC which is then passed on to the spokespersons via the AGs. In the procedure so far we have solely focused on the minimum exchange between the SC and AG in all cases. In determined situations an additional exchange between the SC and AGs may be useful:</p> <ul><li>When there is unclear information on the starting question, information can be passed on to the groups when clarifying what the problem is about exactly.</li> <li>If there are individual needs of significant importance, these need to be expressed in the SC before the idea gathering stage.</li> <li>If an AG has very opposing ideas, the ideas of all the other AGs must be discussed within each group, before the SC can draw up a consensus based proposal.</li> </ul><h2>What should the groups and participants pay attention to?</h2> <p><em>The participants</em> The major difficulty in the consensus based decision making process in large groups demands a greater challenge for all the participants. A balance must be found:</p> <ul><li>Between the individual self determination against the pressure to conform, and the will to pay attention to the needs and desires of others and taking their thoughts seriously.</li> <li>Between arriving at a proposal with major support and perseverance in order to keep debating in search of the best solution.</li> </ul><p>  <em>Afinity Group</em> The AG has the role of creating consensus amongst its members. In this procedure other points of view, which are not represented in their own group, must be addressed. Equally for the participants, the AG must strike a balance between self affirmation and the attempt to understand the opinions of others.   <em>Spokespersons</em> The spokespersons represent their AG in the SC, not their own personal opinions. This means that the spokesperson must consult with his/ her AG when issues have been raised in the SC which had not been raised in their group. One group must give permission to their spokesperson to make decisions on their behalf, without consulting the group. This can be useful when the group’s answer is predictable regarding an issue brought up in the SC. This permission does not mean that the spokesperson does not consult with the group at all. It is therefore up to him/ her to decide when it is necessary to go back to the group and when it isn’t. This scenario is only recommended when the spokesperson knows the group sufficiently well in order for the group to decide this. The role of spokesperson has two main problems:</p> <ul><li>Freedom in relation to the group</li> <li>Failure in transmitting the information</li> </ul><p>In order to solve these problems, there are three solutions:</p> <ul><ul><li>Write everything down: the groups’ petition must be written down and brought to the SC. Notes also should be taken in the SC so as to then inform the group.</li> <li>Double representation: if the SC is small it is recommendable to send a spokesperson per group plus a silent observer. In large SCs, this can be impossible due to the noise level.</li> <li>Rotation: the group can send different people to the SC, This avoids the danger of breaking away. However, an SC without rotation has the advantage that, with time, the spokespersons get to know one another and this makes communication more effective.</li> <p> </p></ul></ul><p><em>Spokepersons’ council</em></p> <ul><ul>In the SC the decision making process is coordinated in different meetings. <ul><li>In order to do this, clear agreements need to made on what the next step is for the groups.</li> <li>There should also be agreement on how much time groups have in order to reach a conclusion and when the next SC begins.</li> </ul></ul></ul><h2>Variations and extensions of the procedure</h2> <ul><ul>In order to tailor the process for each individual context, various variations and additions have been developed.  </ul></ul><p><em>Multi-level spokespersons’ committee</em></p> <ul><ul>In very large groups it is possible for there to be a multi-level committee: the whole group divides into sub-groups, which often is divided according to geographical proximity. These partial groups organise themselves respectively through their own SC. Then the SCs send their own spokespersons to the joint SC. In this way, there can be many groups made up of thousands of people.</ul></ul><p><em>Fishtank spokesperson committees</em></p> <ul><ul>In not too large groups the SC takes place in the middle of the joint group. Given that only the spokespersons are allowed to speak, the communication situation is manageable but, as everyone is listening, everyone is equally informed. Furthermore, the AGs can communicate with their spokespersons through written form during the SC. </ul></ul><p><em>Committee with moderation</em></p> <ul><ul>The CS meeting can be strengthened with the role of a moderator. The moderation: <ul><li>Prepares the meeting, gathers and prioritizes the points to be addressed</li> <li>Collects petitions from outside groups</li> <li>Structures the dialogue in the committee</li> <li>Proposes appropriate facilitation methods</li> <li>Accompanies the decision making process through several meetings</li> <li>Reminds others of what issues are being addressed and at what stage of the process one is in.</li> </ul><p>Beyond the facilitator role, it is also useful for the present roles to ne present at the meeting: </p><ul><li>Facilitator (see role of moderation on the previous point)</li> <li>Coordinator: when the facilitator is flagging or feels the need to express his/her opinion</li> <li>Doorman: to welcome people and explain to those entering the meeting what is being talked about, hand in minutes o documents which are needed, ensure that the late arrivals do not interrupt proceedings when entering, explain the consensus based model which is being followed in the meeting...</li> <li>Secretary: take minutes of the meeting, of the proposals and important decision made, as well as drawing attention to incomplete decisions (who will be in charge of/ responsible for this, that or the other…)</li> <li>Observer: observes the atmosphere of the meeting, in the rise of tensions, the straying of the debate, the lows in enthusiasm, and they can make suggestions to the group in relation to this problem, for example, that of taking a break.</li> <li>Taking the floor: they have the list of people who wish to take the floor and ensure that they speak when it is their turn</li> <li>Timekeeper: they ensure that each item on the agenda is given enough time for debate and for the meeting to end at the agreed time.</li> </ul></ul></ul><p><em>Plenary</em></p> <ul><ul><ul>In order to simply transmit information to everyone, it is simpler to convene a plenary instead of doing so through the SC. Sometime, issues can be debated in the plenary so that everyone can receives a direct impression of what is being discussed. The true debate should take place in the AGs as an in depth dialogue with ample participation in the plenary is almost impossible to carry out. It is also difficult to work in large groups in the decision making stage because the debates rarely follow a coherent path. However, for decisions where little debate is required, the plenary is easier and quicker to use.</ul></ul></ul><p><em>Interest circles</em></p> <ul><ul><ul>When there is a great need for a small part of the joint group to debate an issue, it is recommended that they separate from the rest of the group in order to have a more in-depth debate. The interest circle does not make any decisions on the part of the whole group, but is can contribute the conclusions of their debates to the general procedure.  </ul></ul></ul><p><em>Delegation</em></p> <ul><ul><ul>Not all decisions need to be made in the plenary. The decision making structures can be less burdensome if certain decisions are delegated to a small group. It is important in this case to establish which matters can be decided in this group and how these decisions can be adjusted and approved by the joint group.</ul></ul></ul><p><em>The flood</em></p> <ul><ul><ul>This exercise requires time but it is very useful for large groups. The best is to set very strict time limits for each stage. <ul><li>Draw up a list of proposals</li> <li>Get into pairs. Each pair discusses the list of options and they are asked to agree on three main priorities (or however many there are).</li> <li>Each pair joins up with another pair to form a group of 4. The two pairs compare their lists and try to agree on a list of three priorities.</li> <li>Each group of 4 joins up with another group to form a group of 8. Each group once again takes their two priority lists and tries to cut them down to a single list.</li> <li>Repeat until the whole group has the whole group has reunited and has a shared list of only 3 priorities.</li> <p>   </p></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>The double wheel</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul>This allows everyone to express their opinion and listen to everyone else. In contrast to the normal wheel, the exercise does not end when everyone has spoken. Instead, the wheel continues allowing everyone to respond to what they have heard. The meeting continues until consensus is reached. This tool is good in order to ensure that everyone’s voice is heard, even if it takes a lot of time.</ul></ul></ul></ul><h2>What should be focused on when introducing the consensus process in large groups?</h2> <ul><ul><ul><ul>When introducing the process, one needs to think whether to integrate it into the pre-existing structures in the group. In less experienced groups in consensus one can’t only communicate the process itself, but must also introduce a general introduction to consensus based decision making.</ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Integration into pre-existing structures</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul>Sometimes subgroups exist within a large group. There are other reasons why groups can be formed with representatives of all the subgroups. Therefore there is an opportunity to integrate the roles of grassroots groups and spokesperson committees into pre-existing structures. In relation to direct nonviolent action this means for example: <ul><li>Each group is not only a group where debates are held and decisions made, but it is also an affinity group: people who stay together during an action take care of one another and they support each other. Many activists organise themselves into affinity groups, irrespective of whether there is a spokespersons committee for an action.</li> <li>Information can be disseminated effectively to the activists through the SC. In other cases the announcements made over a loudspeaker are often not heard by anybody and, furthermore, the spectators can listen more easily.</li> <li>In the inter-regional meetings the affinity groups are both local groups who have worked together.</li> </ul><p>The integration into other structures facilitates the creation and maintenance of this type of decision making model. Organizing oneself into groups also entails a certain complexity, as many people will not participate in the decision making system if they are not already integrated in some other way. On the other hand, it is possible that the additional tasks overload the groups and the committee, so that there is not enough time left for the decision making process.  </p></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Dissemination of the model</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul>When consensus based decision making is introduced into a group for the first time or when new participants are included, the procedure and the management of consensus based issues must be introduced. It must be clear to everybody at what point in the procedure people will be able to express their needs and support their proposals or opinions. As the proceedings for large groups are more complex than for small groups, their description is more extensive. Through a detailed presentation of the rules of the process it is easy to create the feeling that consensus based decision making is a normal and reliable procedure and that if the rules of the procedure are respected, consensus can be achieved. Therefore certain fundamental concepts need to be addressed: <ul><li>It is important to ensure that the same consideration is paid to all the participants.</li> <li>One must know how to use the creativity and skills of the whole group in order to reach a good decision.</li> <li>The need to reach a real decision</li> <li>This decision needs to be adopted as concretely as possible by the participants</li> <p>The perception of the group that these demands are fair, will depend on how the participants interact with each other, whether they have an attitude which is truly oriented towards consensus and whether, along with defending their own opinions, they are also responsible in ensuring that the procedure progresses.  </p></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Experience and training</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>It will be easier for the group to reach consensus decisions when all the participants are aware of their role in the decision making process and they can therefore carry out their role in a productive manner. This can be significantly strengthened by making the group reflect upon its own experience. Furthermore, training can be organized so that they can practice with concrete decisions.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><h2>Common difficulties in the search for consensus</h2> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>For the majority of people, decision making according to the consensus model is a completely new way of learning which can be learnt overnight. We are immersed n the cultural tradition of authoritarian or majority based decisions, in which everyone has been socialized/ “trained.” Only in some cases and often subconsciously is it usual to create consensus amongst participants. In order for the consensus based decision making process to become a viable and convincing alternative for “new arrivals”, practice and constructive assessment of the experience is needed. As an aid for this process, we have listed below the most common difficulties of seeking consensus.  </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Difficulties and effects</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The problems are not formulated or contextualized clearly</li> <li>The common points agreed upon in the meeting are not shown and the conversation just goes round in circles</li> <li>There is lack of awareness when it comes to recognizing solutions which could generate consensus</li> <li>A supposed consensus is reached very quickly, with some very important aspects going unaddressed.</li> <p> </p></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Possible Solutions</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is very useful for the development of dialogue if the moderator continuously summarizes at what stage of the debate the meeting is in.</li> <li>Everyone must feel responsible for the course of the dialogue and to contributes in a positive manner.</li> </ul><p>As it is not enough to only identify the problem in order to solve it, here are a couple of further suggestions on how groups can get around these problems. In this regard, in the next part, we recommend the following practical exercises.  </p></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><h2>Appendix</h2> <h2>A. Exercises to practice consensus decision making</h2> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul> </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Active listening</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>In order to understand what the other person has said, it is not merely enough to wait until that person has finished speaking. Active listening means adopting an interested stance and show an interior and exterior acknowledgement towards the person who is speaking. In order to strengthen active listening, it is useful to repeat what the other person has said using our own words, without entering into any discussions, but rather to seek confirmation of what has been said. One must cater for the emotional part rather than on the factual side of what has been said, as well as ask for clarification when necessary. A good exercise in order to practice active listening is the mirror. In this type of conversation the following rules must be followed: <ul><li>Reproduce the point of view of the other person</li> <li>Compare the facts and emotions</li> <li>Do not start to make value judgments</li> <li>Be brief, much more than the other person.</li> <p>Active listening does not mean that we agree with the opinion of the person we are listening to. It is about trying to correctly understand the other person and what they have said.  </p></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Presentation</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Participants are invited to evenly space themselves out in order to reflect the spectrum of opinions, for/ against a specific proposal. The discussion continues and one’s position can change if one changes opinion.  </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Fishbowl</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Two concentric circles, only the inner one can discuss one proposed issue. If a person in the outer circle wishes to say something, they have to move into the inner circle, changing places with another person. This form of debate makes it possible for there to be an intense exchange of ideas on controversial topics.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Wheel</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>This is done in order. Everyone expresses their opinions, feelings, ideas, according to the stage of the debate. The only rule is to not make a comment which has already been made by others previously, nor enter into any debates. The wheel allows the whole group to express themselves.  </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Ball</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Only the person who has the ball in their hand can speak. Therefore everyone can be sure that they will be listened to when it is their turn to speak and everyone will be paying attention as they know they will have an opportunity to speak.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Snapshot</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>A snapshot for the opportunity to express opinions, feelings, states of mind or experiences. The interventions need to be short. The participants themselves decide if they want to have responses. The moderator also participates in the flash.  </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Brainstrom</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>A good method for a warm up at the beginning of a discussion on an issue. With short questions or key-words, equally short opinions or immediate responses are given. You go round in a circle and the ideas are written down on a board or a flipchart. The only rules for brainstorming are the following: <ul><li>Quantity over quality: the idea is to try and make as many spontaneous associations between ideas as possible. Good associations can even emerge from strange thought processes.</li> <li>Time limit: maximum 5-10 minutes, which creates the mental tension necessary for such an exercise.</li> <li>Neither criticisms nor self-criticism: an atmosphere of trust needs to be created in order for everyone to feel comfortable in expressing their ideas and suggestions, however inappropriate or out of place they may seem.</li> <li>Neither debate nor judgment: For the same reason. In the stage there will be opportunity for analysis and approval.</li> </ul><p>There are variations to this method: </p><ul><li>Imaginary brainstorm: a brainstorm is made on an invented topic but which is related in some way to the real issue being addressed (and then as we go back to the real issue we try to trace the links between the real issue and the ideas established for the imaginary topic)</li> <li>Revolving brainstorm: the large group is divided into groups of 4-6 people and they simultaneously note down their ideas on a sheet of paper for 2-3 minutes. They then pass on the piece of paper to the next group who write their notes down on the other sheet of paper and so it goes on. The ideas of some groups will influence those of others.</li> </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>The Pause</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>This method comes from the Arca movement. It is the best exercise when emotions are running high and people are at an impasse. The group establishes that any participant can ask for a pause. This means that everyone has to stand up and keep silent for a couple of seconds or half a minute. They can therefore “let go”, gather their thoughts, “get back down to earth”. The result can be that everyone who had lost their tempers, have now calmed down.  </ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Join heads</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Simply get up from your seats and place your heads together. The physical movement stimulates, activates and physical contact improves communication. You are only allowed to sit back down in your seat when the decision made is close to pleasing everyone.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Conflict lines</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Two groups put themselves into lines. One group has to represent a specific opinion or individual, the other group adopts the opposing stance or plays the antagonist. A debate on the controversial points is developed. The discussions take place at the same time, which leads to quite high noise levels, which can help to represent an aggressive figure. Then, in pairs, the style of the discussion and the arguments used are then analysed and then the roles are switched over. To finish, in a plenary you discuss what was learnt in pairs. This exercise is used a lot in nonviolent direct actions, in order to practice how to interact with officers, the public, workers etc.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Circle of whispers</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Very useful and relaxing in meetings where there are lots of participants or in conferences. Every so often, there are breaks in which you can talk to the person next to you about what you have just heard. Therefore, some questions of understanding and objections can be cleared up or verified, which may make a future round of debate a lot more relaxed and effective. The possibility of being able to express one’s thoughts, thanks to this exercise, will help increase the listening capacity in the next phase of the meeting.</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Question with cards</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>Work using cards is one of the most used exercises. Each participant or group notes down ideas or proposals on a specific issue on small cards which are then collected and placed so that everyone can see them on a flipchart or on a wall. <ul><li>Only one idea per card</li> <li>The number of cards can be unlimited or limited, depending on the context</li> <li>They need to be written down clearly so that they can be easily seen from a distance</li> </ul><p>The card exercise gives each participant within the group the same opportunity to participate and it leads to a gathering of a vast amount of ideas and proposals in the quickest time possible. The individual work of filling in the cards allows each participant to develop their thoughts and put them on paper without being influenced by the rest of the group. The collection of cards can also be worked on afterwards, grouping them together by similarity of topic, which could give a better overall view. A title can be given to each group of cards. This grouping method will make the following phase of evaluation of the different proposals a lot easier.  </p></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><em>Opinion barometer</em></p> <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul>A controversial opinion or theory is proposed for a decision proposal. People who 100% agree with this proposal will stand at one far end of the room and on the other far side of the room, those who are 0% in favour. The two extremes label their positions using cards. In the middle are those who are undecided (50%). Each participant is invited to position themselves along a line, according to their own opinion. In this way, we get an image of whether the group is accepting or rejecting a proposal. Each participant is then asked to explain why they have placed themselves in that particular place. The barometer can be “changing”. If the arguments of other people make participants change opinion, they can change position in order to reflect their change of opinion. There are variations to this activity:</ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><p><span></span></p> <ul><li><span><em>Consensus barometer:</em> The activity can be used in a modified way, so as to seek consensus. Now each participant has to place themselves quite close to a far side of the room according to whether they partly share or completely share an opinion or proposal. This activity is especially useful when there is more than one proposal because one can immediately see what the group’s opinion is. This is not about voting because the process carries on.</span></li> <li><span><em>Conflict barometer:</em> People who are in conflict place themselves in diametrically opposed spcaes and at a certain distance. The rest of the group distributes itself according to the personal proximity or according to their opinions relating to those of the people at the two extremes. These people then begin a dialogue based on clarfication between them. As soon as they feel that they have resolved an aspect of the conflict and the confrontation calms down, they can move slightly closer together and the rest of the group can follow them. The conversation continues until the participants feel that the conflict has been sufficiently resolved or has been sufficiently clarified. This can be sensed in the dissipating tension in the atmosphere and it is visible through the two opposing sides having moved physically closer together.</span></li> </ul><p><span><span>   <em>Small groups</em> In large groups, as time goes by, there is often a sense of discontent which is produced. Furthermore the potential of the group is not exploited appropriately if only a few members are actively participating. It is therefore recommended that the large group exercises be interspersed with small group work every once in a while. Therefore the more shy or withdrawn people can also participate. The investment of time required for small group work and then the presentation in plenary of the results of each group, is recouped through increased satisfaction of each participant, better quality of the proposal content and a quicker path towards consensus. <em>Breaks</em> The positive effects of breaks are always underestimated. Breaks not only revive states of mind and re-energise participants. It also allows for informal conversation which take place during the breaks and which lead to quicker clarifications compared to “official” regulated dialogue. A break is a “time out” in which conversation will flow in a very different way and, more often than not, in a more constructive manner. The waste of time is made up with the time gained with the dialogue towards the end of the session.</span></span></p> <p> </p> <h2>B. Manual signs</h2> <p><span>When a large group wants to make a decision it is not necessary for everyone who wishes to say something, to do so using words. Hand signs are developed in order to communicate important things without interrupting the person who is speaking. Furthermore, through these signs we get an image of the group’s opinion. Speaking from experience, the need to express one’s own opinion is great. At the same time it visibly shows how many people are actively participating to the process. If there is no manual sign this is an indication that the majority of people are no longer concentrating. For some people manual signs can seem stupid but when they are clearly introduced, they can clearly improve the debating process. It is important that they not be used as a way of voting. Manual signs are a very useful tool for debate in large and small groups, but they do not necessarily guarantee a fair debate. Depending on the needs of the group, new signs can be introduced or rejected, as required. Please find below some signs which can be used to express one’s own opinion, to ask for the floor or to contribute something in order to further aid the understanding of an issue. <strong>Signs for giving opinions</strong> </span></p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="deec4897-9cfe-4a32-98ef-adb45973b37c" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_13_0001.thumbnail.jpg?itok=lYxOlNJB 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_13_0001.thumbnail.jpg?itok=T6X3Hsem" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>«I agree with this and I want to say this right now »:</em> You raise your hands and you shake turn them quickly in both directions. Therefore you are applauding silently. In consensus based debates you express if you are in agreement with what is being said, and you get an image of the opinion of the group, if it is close to consensus or not. You also avoid unnecessary taking in turns to speak. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="08f7514a-837a-465d-96d6-d4f6e91d10a1" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0007.img_assist_custom-80x71.jpg?itok=hdzxMp7v 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0007.img_assist_custom-80x71.jpg?itok=eSie5UfR" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>«No. My opinion is completely different»:</em> Hands making an x shape. Here one can express disagreement with what has been said. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="fd4f60a5-062c-4426-a0ca-e100a24961d0" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0008.thumbnail.jpg?itok=qqhf9N36 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0008.thumbnail.jpg?itok=ZikAwUMl" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>«My opinion in relation to the consensus proposal is...»</em> (level of agreement on what has been said) You show one, two, three, four, five fingers or closed fist. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="9fb309a6-2ba8-4a95-a995-2a0ae90a2959" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0004.thumbnail.jpg?itok=EyC4JUAT 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0004.thumbnail.jpg?itok=9LDHYy1n" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>«Veto. I block the proposal»:</em> Raised fist. The veto means: I veto the group from adopting the proposal, because the consensus proposal goes entirely against my ideas. <strong>Signs to take the floor</strong> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="35eed4df-fccc-428c-b3d9-75331b9c80a1" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso.img_assist_custom-58x70.png?itok=-U87Bqwk 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso.img_assist_custom-58x70.png?itok=3SfEgq7D" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> <em>«I would like to add/ ask something in relation to the contents»:</em> Raised open hand. <em>«Comment on the debate procedure»</em> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="6a208fb6-20f4-4890-b750-f641b85bb85b" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0003.img_assist_custom-60x74.jpg?itok=ebNxKUjV 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0003.img_assist_custom-60x74.jpg?itok=Moy9lRmg" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> Hands form a T shape. With this sign, one announces a proposal on the process. For example, that certain aspects of the problem be discussed in small groups, or that there be a break. In general, these proposals take priority over people taking the floor to talk about the contents of the debate. «Direct response» </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="602ecb16-ca30-4fe3-bfbf-7bf726c58a6b" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0001.img_assist_custom-90x71.jpg?itok=fteSP00g 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0001.img_assist_custom-90x71.jpg?itok=FM-TVPOR" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> Two index fingers raised. If the intervention is directly relevant. This allows one to jump the queue. There is the risk of taking advantage of this. <strong>Signs relating to comprehension</strong> «Speak louder»: </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="d4393f6b-aa19-4eba-9787-f8d6d8693e4b" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0006.img_assist_custom-70x52.jpg?itok=FGGhOVY7 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0006.img_assist_custom-70x52.jpg?itok=UUmUfa8u" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> Repeatedly moving palms upwards. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f5bcf0f6-0ec1-4177-892d-453f9de41f69" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0005.img_assist_custom-41x30.jpg?itok=AhF42wtc 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0005.img_assist_custom-41x30.jpg?itok=DBo1wBE3" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> «Speak more quietly»: With palms facing down, repeatedly move hands downwards. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="8666f29f-13ac-4acd-b07b-6797b4fbadf1" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0002.img_assist_custom-46x54.jpg?itok=FxBhD4wQ 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0002.img_assist_custom-46x54.jpg?itok=v7XBfE1m" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> «I don’t understand»: Move fingers in front of the face. Thereby showing that you do not understand the contents of the discussion. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="edff6f27-d0fa-422e-bc85-3f12b1ec9d85" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0009.img_assist_custom-60x40.jpg?itok=Ny5G3C91 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_14_0009.img_assist_custom-60x40.jpg?itok=YXqHFGxv" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> «You are repeating yourself. Summarize.» Two hands rotating around each other. This sign is important in order to avoid repetitions. If the sign appears several times this means the debate is going round in circles. </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="c555248f-22c4-483a-9650-c58b885e918b" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_15_0001.img_assist_custom-50x60.jpg?itok=L_drw6wg 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/consenso_en_grupo_grandes_15_0001.img_assist_custom-50x60.jpg?itok=DxLNm9tJ" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> «Language» Form an L with the index finger and thumb. In order to request translation or that simpler language be used in interventions. <em>Translated and adpated for the most part from “Konsens: Handbuch zur gewaltfreien Entscheidungsfindung” (Werkstatt für gewaltfreie Aktion Baden, 2004) and partially from “Consensus in Large Groups” (Seeds for Change):</em> <a href="http://seedsforchange.org.uk/free/resources">http://seedsforchange.org.uk/free/resources</a> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--upload--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--upload--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--upload.html.twig * field--default--upload--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--upload.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--upload--story.html.twig * field--node--upload.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--upload.html.twig * field--file.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Attached file</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'file_link' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/file/file-link.html.twig' --> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf icon-before"><span class="file-icon"><span class="icon glyphicon glyphicon-file text-primary" aria-hidden="true"></span></span><span class="file-link"><a href="http://updates.wri-irg.org/sites/default/files/public_files/Techniques-decision%20making.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=338641" title="Open file in new window" target="_blank" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="bottom">Techniques-decision making.pdf</a></span><span class="file-size">330.7 KB</span></span> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/file/file-link.html.twig' --> </div> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/414" hreflang="en">Training Exercises</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/66" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Training</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=10795&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="kKy2ME8nhEiF-XgdOKIX_4p6uDdEgPyCHxI0KK2fe_I"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 27 Aug 2010 16:03:13 +0000 Andrew 10795 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2010/techniques-consensus-decision-making-large-groups-spokespersons-council-method#comments Research sources http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2010/research-sources <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--9763.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="9763" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 11 Mar 2010</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><h3>A. deployments</h3> <p>To research deployments you need:</p> <ul><li>information on military units getting deployed</li> <li>information on the structure of the military, in order to make a good interpretation of the information</li> <li>information on how troops deploy and their logistics</li> </ul><h4>1. A good starting point is the website of the ministry of defense and of the military</h4> <p><a href="http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/nato_countries.htm">http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/nato_countries.htm</a> - an overview of links to the MoD of the NATO countries</p> <p>On these website you often find:</p> <ul><li>an overview of operations in which the military participate</li> <li>press releases with information on units deploying or training for deployment</li> <li>the structure of the military and the military units</li> </ul><p>Sometimes this delivers already all the information you are searching for. Otherwise you have to look for other sources to fill in the gaps.</p> <h4>2. Alternative sources on the military structure</h4> <p>Wikipedia contains pages on most national military and their branches. It has often good overview maps.<br /> Ex: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structure_of_the_British_Army">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structure_of_the_British_Army</a> - <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Field_Army_(UK).png">http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Field_Army_(UK).png</a></p> <h4>3. deploying units</h4> <ul><li>military magazines:<br /> US: Stars &amp; Stripes - <a href="http://www.stripes.com/">http://www.stripes.com/</a><br /> Fr: <a href="http://www.defense.gouv.fr/terre/mediatheque/bibliotheque/terre_information_magazine_archives">http://www.defense.gouv.fr/terre/mediatheque/bibliotheque/terre_informa…</a></li> <li>unit websites</li> <li>press articles</li> <li>...</li> </ul><p>This is the most time-consuming part. Store the links to your main sources in your bookmarks, so that you can re-visit the regularly. Very useful is also to store some Google-searches of specific websites like unit websites or Stars &amp; Stripes, which you can perform regularly. With advanced Google-searches you can indicated which sites to search and how recent the documents have to be.</p> <h3>B. bases</h3> <p>Again, first get an idea of the function of the base. Then you can look to more specific information useful for actions and dossiers</p> <ul><li>MoD</li> <li>unit websites / Wikipedia</li> <li>military regulations - ex US nuclear weapon bases: <a href="http://bits.de/NRANEU/others/end.htm">http://bits.de/NRANEU/others/end.htm</a></li> <li>contract information and tenders:<br /><a href="https://www.fpds.gov/">https://www.fpds.gov/</a> - see <a href="http://mcmilitary.org/en/procurement_contracts">http://mcmilitary.org/en/procurement_contracts</a><br /> ex: <a href="http://www.klekoon.com/boamp/boamp-appels-offres-adaptation-depot-armes-munitions-speciales-depot-vecteur-asmp-1067393.htm">http://www.klekoon.com/boamp/boamp-appels-offres-adaptation-depot-armes…</a> / this French example makes clear that this base will store new nuclear missiles.</li> </ul><p>Searching such sites for specific bases gives quite a good idea of the future plans. Most countries publish tenders on a specific website.</p> <h3>C. civilian infrastructure (transport means and facilities)</h3> <p>First, identify what has to be transported. Second, look to the available means.<br /> Ex. military material is mostly transported by RoRo-ships. While ports are very large, the spots where RoRo-transport is handled are just a few. So you can use these spots as filter to the traffic. A similar reasoning works for companies (ex RoRo-shipping on the Rhine)</p> <ul><li>time schedules<br /> planes: <a href="http://www.flightstats.com/go/TravelPlanning/countryInformation.do?countryCode=BE">http://www.flightstats.com/go/TravelPlanning/countryInformation.do?coun…</a><br /> realtime: <a href="http://www.radarvirtuel.com/">http://www.radarvirtuel.com/</a> - <a href="http://www.flightradar24.com/">http://www.flightradar24.com/</a> - <a href="http://casper.frontier.nl/">http://casper.frontier.nl/</a><br /> ships: realtime:<a href="http://www.marinetraffic.com">http://www.marinetraffic.com</a> - <a href="http://www.vesseltracker.com/en/Home.html">http://www.vesseltracker.com/en/Home.html</a><br /> shipping registers of ports, ex. <a href="http://www.sss.be/site/Public/puba11.html">http://www.sss.be/site/Public/puba11.html</a></li> <li>contract information and tenders</li> </ul><p>Enjoy using this information and drop the results on mcmilitary.org !!</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/412" hreflang="en">Military bases</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/61" hreflang="en">nuclear arms</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=9763&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="f3XM8d73cnVNRSACFetF1U7EjPnVY6jB8_NTr1iQOik"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Thu, 11 Mar 2010 10:12:04 +0000 Hans Lammerant 9763 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2010/research-sources#comments New Website Launches to Cover Nonviolent Actions and Campaigns Around the World http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2009/new-website-launches-cover-nonviolent-actions-and-campaigns-around-world <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--7973.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="7973" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 09 Jun 2009</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="95ccca82-f7c0-4b4d-92ed-3f8669d9162b" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/banner.home.jpg?itok=PDp17ARN 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/banner.home.jpg?itok=PDp17ARN" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> New York – June 4 – Journalists and activists have launched a new website, called Waging Nonviolence (<a href="http://wagingnonviolence.org">http://wagingnonviolence.org</a>), that provides news, analysis, and original reporting on the use of nonviolence by ordinary people around the world in their struggle for justice.</p> <p>With currently no other website offering daily comprehensive coverage of nonviolent actions—such as marches, sit-ins, strikes, or fasting—Waging Nonviolence aims to fill that important role and show, as Margaret Mead once said, that small groups of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world.</p> <p>One feature on the site that captures Mead’s sentiment is “Experiments with Truth,” a daily digest of the most interesting and important stories of people using nonviolence, picked from a variety of news sources and condensed into a brief summary with links to read more.</p> <p>In addition, there will also be periodic dispatches from on-the-ground journalists and activists covering or taking part in nonviolent actions. Waging Nonviolence has a growing network of such contributors, including Kathy Kelly, the co-coordinator of Voices for Creative Nonviolence.</p> <p>The blog also aims to serve as a place for vibrant discussion by activists, scholars, students, and critics, as well as those just discovering nonviolence, on subjects ranging from theory to strategy and tactics. Far from being strictly about hard news and academic analysis, Waging Nonviolence will include posts about the history and culture of nonviolence, as well as the latest on articles, books, and movies that both support and challenge nonviolent principles.</p> <p>To learn more, visit: <a href="http://wagingnonviolence.org">http://wagingnonviolence.org</a>. The RSS feed is located at <a href="http://wagingnonviolence.org/feed/">http://wagingnonviolence.org/feed/</a>.</p> <p>If the content is of interest to your organization, please spread the word and consider adding a link to Waging Nonviolence on your website.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/67" hreflang="en">Resources</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=7973&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="EKABXRrna97YBYOT09YLVYxgQSiWUPTR8nfIIGlJXos"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 09 Jun 2009 16:23:38 +0000 javier 7973 at http://updates.wri-irg.org http://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2009/new-website-launches-cover-nonviolent-actions-and-campaigns-around-world#comments