Iraq https://updates.wri-irg.org/en en War Profiteer of the Month: Sloboda Čačak https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-sloboda-cacak <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--42128.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="42128" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=0cvGZ9ih 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=6q9XXpKp 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=6q9XXpKp" alt="A man with his back tot he camera holds a large rocket launcher over his shoulder" title="An M79 rocket launcher produced by the company" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 10 Jun 2020</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Sloboda Čačak is a Serbian government-owned ammunition company, found in 1948 by the Yugoslav government. It is based in the city of Čačak, in central Serbia, employs around 2000 people and recorded revenues income of €62.21 million in 2018, and income of €3.51 million. The company produces ammunition used by both military and police forces.</p> <p>Over the last decade the Serbian government has invested over €30 million in the company, to pay for modernization of equipment.</p> <p>Sloboda Čačak produces a wide range of ammunition for tanks and artillery, rockets, and rocket-propelled grenades. <a href="https://www.scribd.com/doc/33980537/KATALOG-SLOBODA-2005-SAJAM">A catalogue produced in 2010</a> includes ammunition for use in anti-aircraft weapons, small arms, and a range of stun grenades, smoke bombs, rubber baton rounds and flash grenades marketed to be used by police forces.</p> <h1>Use in conflicts</h1> <p>The company’s “M79 Osa” anti-tank weapon was reportedly used in Syria by both the Free Syrian Army and by the Islamic State in Iraq. In 2013 The New York Times reported that the M79 Osa being used in various places in Syria, including by the Ababil Horan Brigade in the southern Damascus suburb of Al Qadam, highlighting videos uploaded to YouTube<a href="https://atwar.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/02/25/weapons-from-the-former-yugoslavia-spread-through-syrias-war/?mtrref=undefined&amp;assetType=REGIWALL"> which show dozens of M79 weapons</a>. The newspaper has documented the widespread use of weapons produced in the former Yugoslavia, and speculated that the arms were shipped to opposition forces by Saudi Arabia after large numbers began to appear in YouTube videos uploaded in early 2013.</p> <p>The M80 Zolja is a “disposable 64mm unguided anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade” first designed in 1980 and used throughout conflicts in the former Yugoslavia through the 90s, and remains in production.</p> <h1>Tear gas canisters in Iraq killing protesters</h1> <p>The Balkan Insight website has reported <a href="https://balkaninsight.com/2019/12/13/epic-serbian-arms-deal-led-to-pierced-skulls-in-baghdad/#gsc.tab=0">that tear gas canisters produced by Sloboda Čačak</a> were imported into Iraq in 2009. The shipment was part of a massive arms deal between the Iraqi and Serbian governments worth $325 million and described as “the deal of the century”, and included 40mm military tear gas grenades produced by Sloboda Čačak. The website reports that the grenade was responsible for at least 20 of the 400 protesters killed by Iraqi security personnel in late 2019. Amnesty International reported that the grenades caused “horrific” injuries, with some canisters found lodged in victims skulls. The M99 grenades identified are modelled on military-style grenades that are up to ten times heavier than standard tear gas canisters.</p> <p>The same grenades have been sold to Montenegro, Belgium, Israel and Spain.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/232" hreflang="en">Serbia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/158" hreflang="en">Syria</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-police-militarisation-them--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42128&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="ZoTdUTGma5_dE2eusiiKVfKnth-8QbFULKd5V-st4lU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Wed, 10 Jun 2020 12:32:11 +0000 Andrew 42128 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-sloboda-cacak#comments Against war with Iran, against WWIII https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/against-war-iran-against-wwiii <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--42007.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="42007" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-01/81886764_2864834976870701_8809158669204717568_o_0.jpg?itok=e_cdBzoy 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-01/81886764_2864834976870701_8809158669204717568_o_0.jpg?itok=LHUhWb73 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-01/81886764_2864834976870701_8809158669204717568_o_0.jpg?itok=LHUhWb73" alt="WRL Statement poster - An image of a rose with a message of solidarity written alongside it" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 14 Jan 2020</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p dir="ltr"><em>This statement was originally published by <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/against-war-iran-against-wwiii">War Resisters League</a>, one of WRI's affiliates in the USA, and endorsed by WRI Executive Committee.</em></p> <p dir="ltr">Wednesday, January 8th, 2020</p> <p>Dear friends,</p> <p>Early Friday morning, in an act of imperial power and disregard for international law, the US assassinated Iran’s General Qassem Soleimani and Kata’ib Hezbollah’s Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis at Baghdad International Airport via targeted drone strike and immediately <a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/news/military/u-s-sending-thousands-more-troops-mideast-after-baghdad-attack-n1110081">deployed more troops</a> to the region for “protection.” That same day, police departments around the US  <a href="https://twitter.com/hayesdavenport/status/1212979754535489537">indicated</a> plans of increasing local surveillance, and on Sunday Trump “vowed to hit 52 Iranian targets very hard” while dozens of Iranians were reported <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/iranians-detained-asked-political-views-border-cair-200105234042589.html">detained</a> at the US border and airports within the country. On Monday, <a href="https://truthout.org/articles/iraqs-vote-to-kick-out-u-s-troops-reflects-growing-anti-imperialist-movement/">Iraqi parliament voted to kick out all foreign troops</a>, and on Tuesday <a href="https://www.cbsnews.com/news/irans-news-parliment-approves-bill-designating-u-s-military-terrorist-organizations-qassem-soleimani/?ftag=CNM-00-10aab6a&amp;linkId=80231175&amp;fbclid=IwAR1gHQVPb87FdSS1S6zn2TVdjfe-FC-Qwp3Yt1x-hVkHWi9_AGbH399w-is">Iran’s parliament voted to recognize all US military forces as terrorists</a> and by Tuesday evening <a href="https://edition.cnn.com/middleeast/live-news/us-iran-soleimani-tensions-intl-01-07-20">Iran launched missiles at Al-Asad airbase</a> in retaliation, reportedly killing Iraqis.</p> <p>The US assassination of Soleimani marks a serious escalation of danger on many fronts: a sharp escalation of an already on-going geopolitical and proxy war between the United States and Iran, an increase of the United States profiling, surveilling, and detaining Iranians domestically, <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2020/01/06/politics/us-troops-iraq/index.html">continued disregard for the demands of Iraqis</a> who want the US and Iran out of their homeland, and what appears to be the final nail in the coffin of the Iran Nuclear Deal (a multi-state effort by the Joint Committee Plan of Action [JPCOA]), which the US left in 2018 and Iran <a href="https://www.politico.com/news/2020/01/05/iran-abandons-nuclear-deal-killing-soleimani-094197">announced</a> it would no longer abide by this past Sunday.</p> <p><strong>Therefore, we raise our voices calling for a de-escalation of tension between the two nation-states, which must include US congressional checks on executive power, a total lifting of sanctions on Iran, and protection of the rights of Iranians in the United States - including a lifting of the Muslim Ban, which affects multiple countries including Iran.</strong></p> <p>As the Kenyan proverb goes: when elephants fight, it is the grass that suffers. We recognize that this on-going geopolitical and proxy war between the United States (a global imperial power) and Iran (a regional imperial power) will continue to lead to everyday Syrians, Iraqis, Afghans, and Iranians suffering. Already, the two states have been advancing their own agenda and engaging in proxy to each other in both Syria and Iraq. Since August 2014, <a href="https://airwars.org/conflict/coalition-in-iraq-and-syria/">the US-Led Coalition has killed 1,359 civilians in Syria and Iraq</a>, and engaged in battle over Raqqa and Mosul, causing mass destruction in both cities. In Syria, General Qassem Soleimani was responsible for providing militia power, like that of Kata’ib Hezbollah, to support Assad’s war on Syrian civilians— which is why we understand many Syrians feel some relief that a major material and political ally of Bashar al Assad is no longer alive, and we also recognize that true justice would have been putting war criminals, including Assad, Soleimani, Muhandis, and Trump on trial. And it was the United States who invaded and occupied Iraq in 2003, <a href="https://www.iraqbodycount.org/">killing over 207,000 civilians</a>. It was the US invasion and occupation which created the conditions for regional power struggles to be played out on Iraqi soil, with the people of Iraq paying the largest price.</p> <p><strong>WRL has long recognized the need for an antiwar movement that takes into account the multiple imperial actors in the world, the changing nature of warfare, and the ways in which war is becoming invisibilized. </strong>Knowing how actors of US imperialism often point out the crimes of other states to justify their own, we focus on uplifting diaspora antiwar leadership within the United States as a means to dismantle the white supremacy inherent with imperial finger-wagging. In 2014, we worked with Havaar, an Iran solidarity initiative, to raise political awareness and call for an end to sanctions on Iran. Previous WRL organizer Ali Issa organized the <a href="https://iraqitransnationalcollective.org/en/mission/">Iraqi Transnational Collective</a> to “connect Iraqi communities working towards an equal and just Iraq free of oppression.” And our Resisting Airwars program was designed specifically to connect and uplift SWANA* diaspora voices from across the region and will be convening a group of leaders with connections to Iran, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Yemen, Libya, and Kashmir this weekend to strategize towards a future where all wars have ended.</p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>WRL stands with the people of Iran, who have suffered from US economic sanctions and domestic repression. WRL stands by the Iranian community in the United States, who have been unjustly profiled for decades.</strong></p> <p dir="ltr"><strong>WRL stands with the people of Iraq and the October Revolution, a popular anti-imperialist movement reclaiming Iraq for its people and standing against the US occupation that destroyed the country and against Iran’s current influence over Iraqi politics.</strong></p> <p><strong>WRL stands with the people of Syria, who for the past decade have experienced an international proxy war akin to a “World War III” in their country, though this is generally lost in the United States when fears of a new World War III arise.</strong></p> <p dir="ltr">Now is the time to raise our voices for a de-escalation between the United States and Iran, uplift Iranian, Iraqi, and Syrian antiwar leadership within the United States, and increase our efforts to agitate against the US war machine.</p> <p dir="ltr">In solidarity,</p> <p>War Resisters League</p> <p>*Southwest Asia/North Africa</p> <hr /> <h1 dir="ltr">Action steps and resources</h1> <h2>Direct action + counter recruitment + petitions</h2> <p><a href="https://www.warresisters.org/organizing-effective-actions">Organizing Effective Actions by WRL</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.warresisters.org/counter-recruitment-0">Learn the essentials of counter-recruitment and get involved</a><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3117%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313129000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHLvtLt5Nmqy5hGZRqMmMtC2hq-lQ" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3117&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">.</a></p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3118%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313129000&amp;usg=AFQjCNF7RSK2KXNGdv_zsu2jLi0e4UkU0g" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3118&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Find your local recruitment centers</a> and <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/planning-nonviolent-campaigns">organize a direct action</a><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3119%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313129000&amp;usg=AFQjCNG8JIGfsZJpR5GvRaCs5ICzKktJMA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3119&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">.</a></p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3120%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313129000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGnLiEg8_1MOu8UZYOMddcND4k20g" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3120&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sign Win Without War’s petition.</a></p> <p>If you or someone you know is in the military and considering going AWOL, becoming a conscientious objector, or withdrawing consent in some other way - call the <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3121%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEPYp6GIgZCtRgb3mzmBZE_eHSmdg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3121&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">GI Rights Hotline</a> at 1-877-447-4487. It’s free, confidential counseling &amp; info from volunteer civilians.</p> <h2>Rallies</h2> <p>January 9th - National<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3122%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNFSZHeldylyOxrVKPPTYYPvrRIeuA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3122&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">No War With Iran - Day of Action (Find Your City Here)</a></p> <p>January 12th - Los Angeles<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3123%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNExm2FDdsfRPS95Hk01MOufIMc4fg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3123&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">No War No Sanctions No Ban - SWANA LA</a></p> <p>January 25th - International<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3124%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGh4a6muLOa9_ivtPrUm81yETVFaw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3124&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">No War With Iran - Day of Action (Find Your City Here)</a></p> <h2>Who to follow on social media</h2> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3125%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNH-vMgGvDlniwll6PoiweXlAPPNdw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3125&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mosul Eye</a> (Iraq)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3126%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHsMWvxDRHNb62kw3VXWiqxJBY-wA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3126&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Zahra Ali</a> (Iraq)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3127%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGcutodpiCXFsCS8ThZfVgFwG5yTg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3127&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Maral Karimi</a> (Iran)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3128%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNH_33ErwcgJjBNXePPAyKpIF-uScg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3128&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Rahman Bouzari</a> (Iran)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3129%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGphF1k2ZG752LRDXIM_TFl3xospw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3129&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kamran Matin</a> (Kurdistan)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3130%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHYZ8QJYOjv7DsW8SztX_t3j8uMQw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3130&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Harun Arsalai</a> (Afghanistan) <br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3131%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNF_VADbXnL-V4ZLoQ7LX0ywjQcLmw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3131&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ramah Kudaimi</a> (Syria)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3132%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHxQp1fZQiVU4sVVu6SmaGZ4jOq1w" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3132&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Leila al Shami</a> (Syria)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3133%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGoQQVnrbGyCbwjsz7gWsXyrC2keA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3133&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Waad Al-Kateab</a> (Syria)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3134%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGo4cn8ZjaavWmxGXRtFmdKzVJVJA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3134&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Joey Ayoub</a> (Syria/Global Antifascism)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3135%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNESHT4g2ZFVk75LB6d_aJXIuPhNVg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3135&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Rasha Al Aqeedi</a> (Iraq)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3136%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNG9N7fh9XADadjWdF6VkpDftcdzxg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3136&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gissou Nia</a> (Iran)<br /> <a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3137%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNG6IA0gfViDm8rxM_sXU7tXpvy56g" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3137&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kareem Shaheen</a> (Syria)<br /> <a href="https://twitter.com/vahid_yucesoy">Vahid Yucesoy</a> (Iran)</p> <h2>Further reading and analysis</h2> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3138%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHzKDcjJS8MoghhAB7pQc6gyWbhPA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3138&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Oppose U.S. and Iran War by Showing Solidarity with Uprisings in the MENA Region by the Alliance of MENA Socialists </a></p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3139%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNE9ehw6ZLuvT-SxHH6N6TXHMv8sOg" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3139&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Democratic Party’s Iran Warhawks Who Fly Under the Radar</a> by Sarah Lazare (InTheseTimes)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3140%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNF9f4NiBK5FagSv8Acdt8WMw7hEZw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3140&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">To Stop Trump’s War With Iran, We Must Also Confront the Democrats Who Laid the Groundwork</a> by Sarah Lazare (InTheseTimes)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3141%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHbTSSTY5KkPNWBUpEwLnHS1_bVeQ" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3141&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The 2020s Has To Be the Decade We Stop Climate Change—Not Start Another War</a> by Sarah Lazare (InTheseTimes)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3142%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNG-8xOkj3WP9wQlCmkx-dqCZcYsfw" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3142&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">What do the Iranian people want?</a> by Rahman Bouzari (Al Jazeera)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3143%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEXBelZN_HeeWDimLSW7upKhw6XBA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3143&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">What do Iraqi Protestors Want? by Raed Jarrar</a> (Common Dreams)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3144%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHXFWnaTSDPgZeh5WAV6NGk-u_W1A" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3144&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">An Iranian Crisis of Representation</a> by Rahman Bouzari (OpenDemocracy)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3145%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHfHYTqiNrlZKqoGYmiPLjSdwsSEA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3145&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Iraqis Demand a Country</a> by Zahra Ali (MERIP)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3146%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGL_79T8I3nW_NSOiOxPo-jpUNYiA" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3146&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Killing Sulaimani- How The Butcher of the People Became an Anti-Imperialist Hero</a> by Hawzhin Azeez</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3147%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGjShx2TjicEBn6zuFFH8rTAVRUew" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3147&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Trump’s Killing of Qassem Soleimani Means “Rules of the Game” Have Totally Changed in Middle East with Ghaith Abdul-Ahad</a> (Democracy Now)</p> <p><a data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u%3D3148%26qid%3D3268799&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1578587313130000&amp;usg=AFQjCNGyGsR7QbeMv4borvrDDL8wYwzPew" href="https://www.warresisters.org/sites/all/modules/civicrm/extern/url.php?u=3148&amp;qid=3268799" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Soleimani in Syria: A legacy of death and devastation</a> (Al-Jumhuriya)</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * 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field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/111" hreflang="en">Iran</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42007&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="qQxGmvWHyzZEV0upEihNMe1uLCb2bAgnqGbSFydIFt8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 14 Jan 2020 09:40:37 +0000 Andrew 42007 at https://updates.wri-irg.org US "Less lethal munition" identified in Iraq https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/us-less-lethal-munition-identified-iraq <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--41820.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="41820" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 04 Oct 2019</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A Twitter user has allegedly identified a "less lethal" weapon used against protesters in Iraq as being made by US company AmTec Less Lethals Systems, or ALS. Ayat Baha posted a photo of a small hand held canister with the product number ALS09NR, and the company name.</p> <p><oembed><a href="https://twitter.com/AyatBaha/status/1179064124149571585">https://twitter.com/AyatBaha/status/1179064124149571585</a></oembed></p> <p>Campaign Against Arms Trade said "<span class="css-901oao css-16my406 r-1qd0xha r-ad9z0x r-bcqeeo r-qvutc0">International human rights law &amp; policing standards state that it should never be thrown at a person or in a manner which may result in detonating on or near a person. (only to be used in limited circumstances e.g. hostage rescue)."</span> According to the company's website, the weapon is an ALS09NR "diversionary device", which produces 174db from five feet, and a bright burst of light, as well as a "<span class="product-field-display">significant pressure wave that adds to the disorienting physiological effects."</span></p> <p><span class="css-901oao css-16my406 r-1qd0xha r-ad9z0x r-bcqeeo r-qvutc0">At least 44 people <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/04/iraq-police-open-fire-protesters-baghdad-fourth-day-unrest">have been killed</a> by the Iraqi security services in a heavy crack down on protest across Iraq, with police using live ammunition, tear gas and water cannon. The government has imposed curfews and cut access to the internet.</span></p> <p>AmTec Less Lethal Systems (ALS) specialises in a wide range of “less lethal” weapons and equipment designed for use by police, law enforcement, security, prison and military personnel. Amtec makes products in a factory and training centre based in Florida, and employs around 50 people. In October 2018 ALS was <a class="ext" href="https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/pacem-defense-completes-acquisition-of-amtec-less-lethal-systems-inc-perry-florida-factory-and-training-complex-300733936.html" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">acquired by a company called PACEM Defence</a>, which the company said would allow “PACEM to expand into emerging markets such as the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the Middle East and Africa (ME&amp;A), East Europe, and Asia.” You can see our full profile on the company here: <a href="https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/amtec-less-lethal-systems">https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/amtec-less-lethal-systems</a></p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-police-militarisation-them--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41820&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="eYq97tpmcmocZW5eXeFrEPCikvUsRoLR8v34ZvkqbIc"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 04 Oct 2019 13:13:06 +0000 Andrew 41820 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/us-less-lethal-munition-identified-iraq#comments Jamal Juma' on militarised policing in Palestine https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/jamal-juma-militarised-policing-palestine <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--40825.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="40825" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2017-09/border_police_of_israel.jpg?itok=6ajIfc52 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-09/border_police_of_israel.jpg?itok=90X_kIhc 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-09/border_police_of_israel.jpg?itok=90X_kIhc" alt="A member of Israel&#039;s Border Police wearing a gas mask. There are several armoured vehicles parked in the background." title="A member of Israel&#039;s Border Police wearing a gas mask. Source: wikimedia, CC2.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 13 Aug 2017</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--dynamic-twig-field:node-author-name-twig---custom.html.twig * field--default--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--default--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-dynamic-twig-fieldnode-author-name-twig field--type-ds field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field--item"> <span>Jamal Juma&#039;</span> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p class="western" style="page-break-before: always">My name is Jamal Juma', I am the coordinator of the Palestinian grassroots movement against the wall and settlements, which is ghettoising and limiting the population in very limited areas surrounded by walls nine metres high, with all the surveillance and cameras and watch-towers and machine guns that have been fixed there, and military guards that are patrolling the area. So these are the kind of things that they are doing and it is a kind of widening of the prisons of the people so you don't imprison ten or twenty people, no, you imprison the whole people. So the wall is kind of this.</p> <p class="western">This wall devastated the people's land and the reaction was demonstrations. We were facing the police, not even the police, the military. The military, fully-armed, and they come to kill, they come to make you bleed, they come to take you to jail, they come to paralyse you by shooting you in sensitive parts of your body. Using several kinds of weapons, testing them against us. From several kinds of tear gas to bullets, different kinds of bullet, plastic bullets, rubber-coated bullets, there are so many other kinds of bullets that I don't know their names. They are called something like “dum-dum” which is an explosive bullet that they shoot at your leg and explodes in your leg and your leg will be smashed. So all these techniques have been used against the demonstrators. I remember days when we were marching and suddenly, without hearing any shooting, we see the people who were walking in the march falling down, falling down, falling down. At the end they were sniping them with silent guns. They were knocking them down one after the other. This is horrible, these were people who were marching holding in their hands slogans protesting against their land being confiscated and isolated.</p> <p class="western">These kind of military techniques that they were using against us, unfortunately they have been transferred and exported to other oppressive regimes. We saw that in Latin America when we started activism in Latin America. We saw that the Israeli military and security companies are training different regimes in Latin America in oppressing their people, on how to attack and confront the demonstrators, the civilians who are demonstrating for their rights. They are exporting the techniques, they are exporting these evil ways of oppressing the people and harming them. Even lately, we saw that in the favelas in Rio and in Brazil where they are building the same system of surveillance and also the towers from which they are watching and sniping people and killing them in the favelas. So this is the danger of the Israeli military, not just the drones that they are promoting and selling to the world. The same with the military oppressions, the police oppressions. They are exporting the techniques. And they are teaching the other regimes how to beat their people, how to oppress them, how to suffocate them, how to imprison them, how to paralyse them.</p> <p> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-author-information--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--field-author-information.html.twig * field--default--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--field-author-information.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--node--field-author-information.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-author-information.html.twig * field--entity-reference-revisions.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-field-author-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Author information</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'paragraph' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * paragraph--authors-and-bios--bio-only.html.twig * paragraph--authors-and-bios.html.twig * paragraph--bio-only.html.twig x paragraph.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/paragraphs/paragraph.html.twig' --> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--authors-and-bios paragraph--id--_0 paragraph--view-mode--bio-only"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-bio--bio-only.html.twig * field--paragraph--field-bio--authors-and-bios.html.twig * field--paragraph--field-bio.html.twig * field--paragraph--authors-and-bios.html.twig * field--field-bio.html.twig * field--text-long.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-field-bio field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Jamal Juma’ was born in Jerusalem and attended Birzeit University, where he became politically active. Since the first Intifada, he has focused on grassroots activism. He is a founding member of the <a href="http://www.pal-arc.org/">Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committee</a>, the <a href="http://pace.ps/">Palestinian Association for Cultural Exchange</a> and the <a href="http://www.pengon.org/">Palestinian Environmental NGO Network</a>. Since 2002, he has been the coordinator of <a href="https://stopthewall.org/">Stop the Wall</a>.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/paragraphs/paragraph.html.twig' --> </div> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/228" hreflang="en">Israel</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/99" hreflang="en">Brazil</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/203" hreflang="en">Pakistan</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/160" hreflang="en">Afghanistan</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-police-militarisation-them--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=40825&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="fsF90YR2a5zqywOuRaOmoc_zMm58-Uko-Hqic0odEA0"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Sun, 13 Aug 2017 15:21:48 +0000 Sarah 40825 at https://updates.wri-irg.org Rumours of conscription: Bulgaria, Iraq, North Korea https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/rumours-conscription-bulgaria-iraq-north-korea <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--26374.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="26374" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 22 Apr 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p align="left">There are often rumours of conscription in times of political tension, or when right-wing spokespeople raise fears of the 'indiscipline of youth'. Such rumours often circulate without impact, but sometimes they are the start of a wider campaign and eventual reintroduction of compulsory military service.</p> <p align="left">In Iraq, military leaders have announced they want to impose conscription for the first time since the fall of Saddam Hussein. Iraq’s Supreme Defence Council approved the proposed bill in late February, and a draft law is being submitted to the Iraqi Prime Minster, Haider al-Abadi.</p> <p align="left">The news has sparked a very wide range of responses! One comment on social media said "We have had enough militarising of society; people have been on the frontline since the 1980s." "The government" he added, "should build good schools and universities and create an army and police force that can establish security instead of reinstating a conscription system which would increase the militarisation of society and the number of those bearing arms."</p> <p align="left">In North Korea, Korean Central Television has reported that 1.5 million North Korean youth voluntarily enlisted in response to a call from the military issued a month or more earlier than the normal April-May recruiting season. Radio Free Asia have reported however that this recruitment was forced. “The central government instructed students and youngsters to hold pep rallies stressing the tense political situation surrounding the country,” a source in North Hamgyung Province told RFA.</p> <p>“Military recruiting, which normally occurs from April through May, started about a month earlier this year,” a second source in North Hamgyung Province told RFA. “If you don’t join the military at a time they are being mobilized by the order from the top, you will be branded as reactionary, and you and your family will suffer,” added the source. “That’s why 1.5 million people have joined the military”.</p> <p>They've also been encouraging former soldiers to reinlist. The National Defence Commission have been interviewing workers who meet the requirements for re-enlistment. Those selected for service have now been placed on stand-by. “Only those who have a missing person – or are an inmate at a kyohwaso [re-education camps, which also function as prisons] – among their family members are exempted,” the source said.</p> <p align="left">In Bulgaria, the Ministry of Defence in Bulgaria have announced that they will create a register of all young people in the country between 18 and 32 years old, who would be eligible for military training in case of war or a national emergency. This has sparked fears of a return to a conscripted armed forces, which was abolished in 2008. Whether compulsory military service is reintroduced or not, however, the register still represents a concern for antimilitarists.</p> <p align="left"><a name="yui_3_17_2_1_1461344681876_299" id="yui_3_17_2_1_1461344681876_299"></a> <em>Sources:</em> Balkan Insight, <em><a href="http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/bulgaria-to-register-young-men-eligible-for-military-service-02-24-2016#sthash.lazSbIAl.dpuf">Military Register Sparks Conscription Fear in Bulgaria</a></em>, 25 February 2016, Radio Free Asia, <em><a href="http://www.rfa.org/english/news/korea/korea-kim-03042016161148.html">North Korea Makes Nuclear Threats, Ramps up Conscription at Home</a></em>, 4 March 2016; The Guardian, <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/04/north-korea-army-recruitment-us-military-exercise-south-korea"><em>North Korea steps up army recruitment ahead of US military exercis</em></a>, 4 March 2016; Arabeye, <em><a href="http://www.arabeyemedia.org.uk/social-media/2016/3/8/y3qefnyhu05cz29q4rkzgel944qtpc">Iraqis stare down the gun barrels of universal conscription</a></em>, 8 March 2016; NB News, <em><a href="http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/isis-terror/iraq-military-seeks-draft-first-time-fall-saddam-hussein-n538761">Iraq Military Seeks Draft for First Time Since Fall of Saddam Hussein</a></em>, 15 March 2016.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">Right to Refuse to Kill</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/222" hreflang="en">Bulgaria</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/229" hreflang="en">Korea, North</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57" hreflang="en">Conscientious objection</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=26374&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="g_lodkDq6wEVdzVhBlWFAeL2K7cLrfi0-HgtY-4G0BM"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 22 Apr 2016 17:07:28 +0000 HBrock 26374 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/rumours-conscription-bulgaria-iraq-north-korea#comments Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/against-all-odds-voices-popular-struggle-iraq-0 <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25369.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25369" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 30 Dec 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="f5f39cbb-8543-4679-8d3b-e968af413006" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/against%20all%20odds_0.home.jpg?itok=ah0sLptB 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/against%20all%20odds_0.home.jpg?itok=7lgcDOHA" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p>We're delighted to add a new publication to WRI's online book store! <a href="/node/25212">Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq</a>, from Ali Issa of <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/">War Resisters League</a>.</p> <p>Collected from dozens of interviews with, and reports from, Iraqi feminists, labor organizers, environmentalists, and protest movement leaders, Against All Odds presents the unique voices of progressive Iraqi organizing on the ground. You can find the accompanying Organizing &amp; Study Guide <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/resources/against-all-odds-organizing-study-guide">here</a>.</p> <p>Buy it <a href="/node/25212">here</a>.</p> <!--break--> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-other-publications--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Other publications</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/75" hreflang="en">Books</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25369&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="m5CtVLWzHAHJViAZuq5Pot49vB-Q_ThLTLNL2BFun1M"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Wed, 30 Dec 2015 17:52:32 +0000 cmoy 25369 at https://updates.wri-irg.org Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/against-all-odds-voices-popular-struggle-iraq <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25214.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25214" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 23 Nov 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="25a6d947-e3a2-42b0-b118-d17f6b699306" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/AgainstAllOdds.home.jpg?itok=TWuHGB_j 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/AgainstAllOdds.home.jpg?itok=5_gMgCaI" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> We're delighted to add a new publication to WRI's online book store! <strong><a href="/node/25212">Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq</a></strong>, from Ali Issa of <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/">War Resisters League</a>. <p>Collected from dozens of interviews with, and reports from, Iraqi feminists, labor organizers, environmentalists, and protest movement leaders, Against All Odds presents the unique voices of progressive Iraqi organizing on the ground. Dating back to 2003, with an emphasis on the 2011 upsurge in mobilization and hope as well as the subsequent embattled years, these voices belong to Iraqis asserting themselves as agents against multiple local, regional, and global forces of oppression.</p> <p>You can find the accompanying Organizing &amp; Study Guide <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/resources/against-all-odds-organizing-study-guide">here</a>.</p> <p><strong>Buy it here:</strong> <a href="/node/25212">/node/25212</a></p> <!--break--> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-other-publications--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Other publications</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/75" hreflang="en">Books</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25214&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="b-k8r9QlPF_x3za0OCvLqXnMwbe8hhm5Jsvs70v6lW4"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Mon, 23 Nov 2015 14:30:04 +0000 HBrock 25214 at https://updates.wri-irg.org The securitisation of aid in Iraq and the failure to be guided by humanity, neutrality and impartiality https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/securitisation-of-aid <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--24541.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="24541" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 28 Apr 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>Frances Guy</em></p> <p>The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (UNOCHA) sets out four clear humanitarian principles by which aid should be delivered: humanity; neutrality; impartiality and operational independence.<a name="sdfootnote1anc" href="#sdfootnote1sym" id="sdfootnote1anc"><sup>1</sup></a> These foundation stones were set out in General Assembly resolution 46/182 passed in December 1991.<a name="sdfootnote2anc" href="#sdfootnote2sym" id="sdfootnote2anc"><sup>2</sup></a> These principles are still cited today by OCHA but the nature of recent conflicts and the actions of UN Agencies and of OCHA itself seem directly to undermine the very principles by which OCHA claims to act. Perhaps it was always ambitious to expect global agencies reliant on the membership of nation states to be able to act impartially or independently. That same General Assembly resolution after all also states clearly that “humanitarian assistance should be provided with the consent of the affected country and in principle on the basis of an appeal by the affected country”.<a name="sdfootnote3anc" href="#sdfootnote3sym" id="sdfootnote3anc"><sup>3</sup></a> When the state itself is party to the conflict, as in Syria there are clear limits to such an approach.</p> <p>There is also a legitimate question about whether aid can ever be delivered neutrally in conflict where at the very least humanitarian agencies will have to negotiate with many different warring factions in order to be able to deliver assistance. The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) and indeed OCHA itself use examples of just such multiple negotiations to demonstrate their neutrality but there are few organisations with such capacity.<a name="sdfootnote4anc" href="#sdfootnote4sym" id="sdfootnote4anc"><sup>4</sup></a> For many decades humanitarian actors have taken sides and failed that implicit test of neutrality often for good reas</p> <p>on (aid to Eritrean and Tigrayan rebels throughout the Ethiopian civil war is a good example). Two things have explicitly changed, however, since the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq: the direct delivery of aid by the military has returned the recipient to a colonial type relationship and the continued securitisation of aid limits both access and effectiveness.</p> <p>In Afghanistan and Iraq, the justifications for invasion and the testimonies of participating soldiers make clear that missions quickly changed into situations where soldiers believed they were on a humanitarian mission to help bring economic development in the case of Afghanistan or democracy in the case of Iraq. Others have argued that the creation of reconstruction teams in Afghanistan has left little legacy and failed to give space to non-military development agencies to build relationships and provide a longer term commitment.<a name="sdfootnote5anc" href="#sdfootnote5sym" id="sdfootnote5anc"><sup>5</sup></a> The reconstruction teams were associated with the political and military goals of the occupiers and not of neutral or impartial development agencies.</p> <p>The situation is possibly worse in Iraq where the UN agencies depended on the protection of US soldiers until the US military’s official departure from Iraq in 2011. That means that any time any UN official moved in Baghdad and other areas outside Iraqi-Kurdistan they did so only in convoy with US troops. Any visit to local citizens, any delivery of supplies was “facilitated” by US troops. It is clear that after the 2006/7 near civil war in parts of Iraq some kind of protection for humanitarian agencies was necessary but by this time the US had turned into occupiers and so the delivery of aid was by extension tied to a perceived occupation. After US troops left, the UN provided its own security for missions but whilst the mixed nationalities of the UN and the non-aggressive stance of UN soldiers providing protection may f</p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="18917678-6dbc-4c93-a59f-e22805acc09f" title="Militarisation of aid - UN convoy for Arab League official, Erbil 2014. Credit: Frances Guy" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/Militarisation%20of%20aid%20-%20UN%20convoy%20for%20Arab%20League%20official%2C%20Erbil%2C%202014.%20Credit%3A%20Frances%20Guy.home.JPG?itok=ffWkqPaf 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/Militarisation%20of%20aid%20-%20UN%20convoy%20for%20Arab%20League%20official%2C%20Erbil%2C%202014.%20Credit%3A%20Frances%20Guy.home.JPG?itok=uKZW_5HJ" alt="" title="Militarisation of aid - UN convoy for Arab League official, Erbil 2014. Credit: Frances Guy" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p>eel different to a UN member of staff: put yourself in the role of a citizen of Fallujah or Ramadi watching an armoured convoy arrive; the logos might be different but the soldiers are still there. It hardly feels neutral or impartial. And now the UN is stuck: protection has become a self-perpetuating necessity. The more you drive around in heavily armed convoys, the more you need to do so, partly because you become an easily identifiable target. The UN has its own peculiar history in Iraq as being associated with the corruption and deprivation of the oil for food sanctions during the nineties it is universally distrusted. But the way to win over trust was arguably not to end up looking like the US army in disguise: whilst the World Food Programme (WFP) and UNICEF remain the few international actors managing to get assistance today through to people in need in Anbar, it is still through that prism of occupation that they will be viewed. International NGOs largely entered Iraq on the backs of the US invasion and although many try hard to adhere to humanitarian principles and move around without the armed protection that UN Agencies demand, they need to work hard to avoid being associated with the occupation.</p> <p>The situation in Kurdistan is different, partly because of the relative stability there which meant that the UN and other international agencies have better resisted the creeping securitisation of aid. It is possible for UN Agencies to travel around Kurdistan without protection. The consequence is that nearly all the assistance being given today to Iraqis displaced as a result of the growth of the so-called Islamic state is in Iraqi Kurdistan. Latest UN figures suggest that more than 2.6 million people have been displaced in Iraq. Only about half of these are in Kurdistan. There are people in need in areas of conflict in Anbar, Nineveh and Dyala; where is the impartial aid that is reaching them? I would argue that no international actors on the ground in Iraq dare to negotiate access with insurgent forces or even tribal leaders because humanitarian workers are now fully identified with one side of the conflict and the “protection” necessary to operate in areas of conflict accentuates the association with one side.</p> <p>In Syria it is possible to argue that International NGOs are striving to be impartial: working with a range of actors in both government and rebel held areas; willing to try to get aid through to those in areas controlled by all sorts of groups. The amount of assistance getting through though is very limited and the big UN agencies are thwarted by the limits of working within the confines of a system that demands government approval and often government security.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>The militarisation and subsequent securitisation of the delivery of humanitarian and development assistance in Iraq has severely limited the ability of the UN to deliver to those in most need and has undermined the global commitment to impartial aid, independently delivered. In many parts of Iraq it is no longer possible to independently deliver aid. In Syria it is also not possible to independently deliver aid, but by working with a wide range of groups, international NGOs have demonstrated that it is still possible to remain impartial and thus attempt to reach those in most need. Despite the difficulties this is closer to implementing the UN vision of aid delivered independently and guided by humanity, neutrality and impartiality than the UN itself. It also usefully demonstrates that by working through local actors it is still possible to encourage and adhere to humanitarian principles. All humanitarian organisations should continue to resist the securitisation of aid if at all possible.</p> <p><em>Frances Guy is head of Middle East Region at Christian Aid and was UNWomen Representative in Iraq between May 2012 and December 2014</em></p> <div id="sdfootnote1"> <p><a name="sdfootnote1sym" href="#sdfootnote1anc" id="sdfootnote1sym">1</a> <a href="https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/OOM_HumPrinciple_English.pdf">https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/OOM_HumPrinciple_English.pdf</a></p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote2"> <p><a name="sdfootnote2sym" href="#sdfootnote2anc" id="sdfootnote2sym">2</a> <a href="http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/46/a46r182.htm">http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/46/a46r182.htm</a></p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote3"> <p><a name="sdfootnote3sym" href="#sdfootnote3anc" id="sdfootnote3sym">3</a> op. cit 2</p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote4"> <p><a name="sdfootnote4sym" href="#sdfootnote4anc" id="sdfootnote4sym">4</a> <a href="https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/article/editorial/humanitarians-danger-article-2011-02-01.htm">https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/article/editorial/humanita…</a></p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote5"> <p><a name="sdfootnote5sym" href="#sdfootnote5anc" id="sdfootnote5sym">5 </a>Beckwith, Sam, The Militarisation of Aid in Afghanistan: Implications for Humanitarian Actors and the Way Ahead (April 30, 2012). Available at SSRN <a href="http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2167857">http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2167857</a></p> </div> <p> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/64" hreflang="en">International Law</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=24541&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="aYN-O4JJqW4QJOf_SzHW38Nv6HmbgCcq6tOqmv4K9KU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 28 Apr 2015 16:36:30 +0000 Andrew 24541 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/securitisation-of-aid#comments The Kwerekwere are stealing our jobs! Instead, stop the wars… https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/kwerekwere-are-stealing-our-jobs-instead-stop-wars <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--24530.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="24530" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 28 Apr 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><em>Terry Crawford-Browne</em></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><em>Terry Crawford-Browne is a former international banker who became a peace activist during the 1980s. He lives in Cape Town.</em></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Renewed xenophobic violence in South Africa has appalled the world. The violence is directed at black African refugees, not white beneficiaries of the past apartheid era, yet reminiscent of the apartheid era, the response of a bewildered government is to send the army into affected townships, rather than address the root causes of massive migrations in Africa.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">The Guardian newspaper reported in England “with every outbreak of xenophobic violence, the refrain is the same: ‘the kwerekwere (foreigners) are stealing our jobs. Shops are torched. Streets are barricaded... Mobs hound Somalis, Mozambicans, Zimbabweans, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis from their homes and businesses.”<sup><a name="sdendnote1anc" href="#sdendnote1sym" id="sdendnote1anc"><sup>i</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Millions of African refugees have literally walked to South Africa to escape wars inflicted upon their countries. These wars are compounded by political repression of dictatorships kept in office by the United States and the CIA. In 1961, the CIA orchestrated the murder of Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba, and kept the kleptomaniac Joseph Mobutu in power until 1997. In April 2015, under the guise of a democratic election, the US helped to reinstate Nigeria’s former military dictator, Muhammadu Buhari.<sup><a name="sdendnote2anc" href="#sdendnote2sym" id="sdendnote2anc"><sup>ii</sup></a> </sup>Despite objections from almost all African countries, the US has established a military command termed AFRICOM. It is headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany because no country has allowed it to be based on the African continent. The “blow-back” consequences include huge numbers of refugees plus economic and political destabilisation of host countries.</p> <p>In South Africa, the number of Zimbabwean refugees is estimated at between one and four million people. The actual numbers are unknown, but it is possible that South Africa is hosting more refugees than any other country. Officially, the rate of unemployment in South Africa is 25% but, in reality, is about 40% and rises to 70% among young people. The kwerekwere, including huge numbers of Congolese refugees, tend to be better educated and are often self-employed. It is estimated that “only” 15% are unemployed. However, reprehensible xenophobic violence expresses misdirected and pent-up fury; in South Africa, impoverished victims of the apartheid system remain impoverished. Reflecting the government’s disastrous education, health and economic policies since 1994, the gap between rich and poor South Africans is wider than ever, and is the worst in the world. Food riots and crime driven by poverty rather than xenophobia per se have been the cause of many of the attacks on Somali shops.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><strong>Follow the money...</strong></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">The apartheid government and its army served as surrogate in southern Africa for the “first world” during the Cold War. The “frontline states” of Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and the Congo were deliberately destabilised at a cost of over one and a half million lives plus massive damage to economic infrastructure.<sup><a name="sdendnote3anc" href="#sdendnote3sym" id="sdendnote3anc"><sup>iii</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">In Congo, between five and ten million have subsequently died since 1997 in what is known as “Africa’s First World War”. The root cause of this violence is the looting of the Congo’s mineral wealth by “first world” corporations in collusion with European and North American governments.<sup><a name="sdendnote4anc" href="#sdendnote4sym" id="sdendnote4anc"><sup>iv</sup></a></sup> With former British Prime Minister Tony Blair as his friend and advisor, Rwanda’s dictator Paul Kagame has ruthlessly devastated the Congo.<sup><a name="sdendnote5anc" href="#sdendnote5sym" id="sdendnote5anc"><sup>v</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">In South Africa, almost three years have now elapsed since the August 2012 Marikana massacre at the Lonmin platinum mine, when 34 miners were murdered. The massacre exposed the incompetence and brutality of the police, but also the unconscionable greed of Lonmin’s British owners. The political complicity reaches to South Africa’s Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, who is a shareholder and non-executive director, and a rand billionaire.<sup><a name="sdendnote6anc" href="#sdendnote6sym" id="sdendnote6anc"><sup>vi</sup></a> </sup>The resulting inquiry has revealed that Lonmin was engaged in extensive transfer pricing practices via Bermuda and other British “treasure island” tax havens to avoid payment of South African taxes. Instead of annual tax of over US$200 million for the years 2006 to 2008, these ploys enabled Lonmin to reduce its tax bill to US$8 million.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">These transfer payments deliberately drained Lonmin of funds that otherwise could have been used to pay living wages to illiterate and impoverished miners, who risk their lives underground to feed their families.<sup><a name="sdendnote7anc" href="#sdendnote7sym" id="sdendnote7anc"><sup>vii</sup></a></sup> Lonmin illustrates the economic plunder throughout the African continent repeatedly highlighted by the annual UN “Africa Progress” reports, which in 2013 focused on natural resources as a potential source of future economic prosperity. Natural resources, it noted, do not cause war, but weak government, under development and violent conflict are accentuated when foreign investors abuse their power by tax evasion and money laundering.<sup><a name="sdendnote8anc" href="#sdendnote8sym" id="sdendnote8anc"><sup>viii</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Like Lonmin, Shell’s extraction of oil from Nigeria since the 1950s has had devastating social a environmental consequences. The company has worked closely with successive Nigerian governments to suppress popular opposition to its presence. Oil has enriched a small elite and unleashed massive corruption, but the vast majority of 180 million Nigerians have been left in poverty. The activist Ken Saro-Wiwa was hanged in 1995 for his role in exposing Shell’s crimes. Litigation was filed against Shell in US under the Alien Tort Act<sup><a name="sdendnote9anc" href="#sdendnote9sym" id="sdendnote9anc"><sup>ix</sup></a></sup> but, just days before the case went to trial in 2009, it was settled out-of-court against payment to his family of US$15 million.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Buhari’s return to power raises the spectre of never-ending military coups, and of Nigeria reverting to a garrison state beholden to British and American banks and corporations. Will Nigeria become Africa’s next “failed state” and, if so, what will be the consequences for Europe?</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><strong>An Anglo-American obsession to control the world…</strong></p> <p>South Africa’s abhorrent migrant labour practices stem from the 19<sup>th</sup> century, but remain essentially unchanged. They can rightly be described as war profiteering. They originated with the British imperialist, Cecil Rhodes who made his fortune on South African diamonds and gold. Virtuously cloaked in the cause of world peace, Rhodes’s vision in 1877 was of the “English-speaking race so powerful and so overwhelming as to render all wars simply impossible.” In what was then deemed as the British civilising mission around the globe, Rhodes dreamt of:</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">“the extension of British rule throughout the world, the perfecting of a system of emigration from the United Kingdom and of colonisation by British subjects of all lands and especially the entire continent of Africa, the Holy Land and the valley of the Euphrates, the whole of South America, the islands of the Pacific not heretofore possessed by Great Britain, the seaboard of China and Japan, and the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British Empire.”<sup><a name="sdendnote10anc" href="#sdendnote10sym" id="sdendnote10anc"><sup>x</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="fd432e05-d334-4fab-9580-b22fcb544f38" title="Statue of Cecil Rhodes is removed from Cape Town university" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/Goodbye_Cecil_John_Rhodes20_%2816481463023%29.home.jpg?itok=Gg28VnKq 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/Goodbye_Cecil_John_Rhodes20_%2816481463023%29.home.jpg?itok=Gg28VnKq" alt="" title="Statue of Cecil Rhodes is removed from Cape Town university" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> In pursuit of that vision, Rhodes Scholarships - established just before Rhodes died in Cape Town in 1902 - are arguably still the most prestigious, and are disproportionately allocated to Americans to anglicise them at Oxford University. Rhodes’s statue continued to occupy pride of place on the University of Cape Town campus. In March this year, students embarked on a “Rhodes Must Fall” campaign; their tactics were outrageous and smelly, but nonviolent and effective. Human faeces – shit collected from shacks inhabited by the poorest-of-the-poor – were poured over Rhodes’s statue, which within a month had symbolically 'fallen', and was removed. <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Nonetheless, South Africa and the world still suffer the consequences of imperialist wars of which Rhodes was the personification. The City of London is often described as the most corrupt square mile anywhere on the planet Earth.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><strong>International war profiteers…</strong></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Thousands of miles to the north of South Africa, thousands of African and Asian migrants are drowning in the Mediterranean Sea in desperate attempts to escape wars inflicted upon their countries and resultant destitution. The European Union’s “Fortress Europe” mentality treats refugees as criminals and as “the enemy.”<sup><a name="sdendnote11anc" href="#sdendnote11sym" id="sdendnote11anc"><sup>xi</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Libya (the land of my youth) is a country in turmoil because the US, Britain and France so mindlessly launched a war in 2011 after Muammar Gaddafi demanded payment in gold for Libya’s oil exports. Only months earlier, the British and French were competing to sell more arms to Libya and negotiate new oil concessions.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Likewise, the war against Iraq was launched in 2003 because Saddam Hussein had the audacity to demand payment for oil in euros instead of US dollars. During the 1980s - after the Iranian Revolution - Saddam dutifully served US and European interests in waging an eight year war against Iran – until the costs of their massive weapons supplies bankrupted Iraq.<sup><a name="sdendnote12anc" href="#sdendnote12sym" id="sdendnote12anc"><sup>xii</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="26ae7a1f-c7e4-40df-92ee-c284fbd073fd" title="British Prince Charles, in Saudi Arabia the day before a huge contract was signed with BAE Systems" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/alalam_635283980599225161_25f_4x3.home.jpg?itok=5Vas-YK_ 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/alalam_635283980599225161_25f_4x3.home.jpg?itok=5Vas-YK_" alt="" title="British Prince Charles, in Saudi Arabia the day before a huge contract was signed with BAE Systems" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> Prime Minister David Cameron and members of the British royal family repeatedly promote both arms exports and London’s banking services, ostensibly for job creation benefits.<sup> <a name="sdendnote13anc" href="#sdendnote13sym" id="sdendnote13anc"><sup>xiii</sup></a></sup> The reality is that both the British arms industry and its banking industry are virtually without regulation, are highly subsidised, and scream vociferously whenever regulation is suggested. <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">When Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah died earlier this year, politicians – including Cameron and President Barack Obama -- flocked to Riyadh to pay obeisance to what is arguably the world’s most barbaric regime. The House of Saud were bandits until elevated to royalty by the British and later, after the discovery of oil, adopted by the Americans. The US, British and German governments shamelessly pander to the power of Saudi money in the most depraved of Faustian bargains.</p> <p>In alliance with the US and Gulf state sheikdoms, Saudi Arabia has now launched a war against the people of Yemen. The violent consequences of fundamentalist Wahhabite Islamic theology – including Boko Haram in Nigeria, Al Shabaab in Somalia and Kenya, and ISIS in the Arab world -- almost all funded by Saudis at an estimated cost of US$130 billion, are daily evident on our television screens.<sup><a name="sdendnote14anc" href="#sdendnote14sym" id="sdendnote14anc"><sup>xiv</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Readers will recall that Blair in 2006 squelched a British Serious Fraud Office investigation into bribes paid by BAE to Saudi princes, insisting that the investigation threatened British national security. The reality is that Blair and BAE were negotiating an extension of the notoriously corrupt £43 billion Al Yamamah arms deal negotiated in 1985 between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Saudi Prince Bandar. It transpired that BAE had paid bribes to Prince Bandar of over £1 billion with the assistance and complicity of the British Ministry of Defence, laundered through the US banking system<sup><a name="sdendnote15anc" href="#sdendnote15sym" id="sdendnote15anc"><sup>xv</sup></a></sup>. In addition, BAE gave him his own private Airbus as a birthday present.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">The Al Yamamah and subsequent Al Salam deals contain provisions which cannot be investigated or revealed in terms of Britain’s Official Secrets Act.<sup> <a name="sdendnote16anc" href="#sdendnote16sym" id="sdendnote16anc"><sup>xvi</sup></a></sup> Hopefully a future Julian Assange or Edward Snowden will blow the whistle on the details? What is known is that Saudi Arabia consigns huge quantities of oil to the Bank of England, which then distributes that oil to BP and to Shell.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">In terms of these arrangements, a massive fund administered by the Bank of England has accumulated, which is estimated to amount to US$150 billion. Its purpose is threefold:</p> <ul> <li> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">To guarantee British and US support for the Saudi royal family against domestic insurrection,</p> </li> <li> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">to ensure that international trade in oil is priced in US dollars, thus placing the world on a dollar standard and enabling the US to finance its unchallengeable military power, and</p> </li> <li> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">to fund covert destabilisation of resource-rich countries in Asia and Africa.</p> </li> </ul> <p>When communism no longer posed a threat, the war business created a new threat in Islam. As successor to the British Empire, US imperialism engages in deliberate war-mongering to promote an era of perpetual war in the 21<sup>st</sup> century. Bizarre realities include “Charlie Wilson’s war” in Afghanistan and the false-flag American alliance with Syrian Al Qaeda operatives in failed efforts to destroy the Assad regime preparatory to a joint Saudi and Israeli war against Iran.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">The tragic consequences of US destabilisation are now evident in chaos across Asia from Bangladesh to Syria, and across Africa from Somalia to Senegal. The underlying issue remains the plunder of natural resources, especially oil. It is encouraged by obscene expenditures on armaments. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt and Iraq are expected to spend more than US$18 billion on armaments in 2015, up from US$12 billion in 2014.<sup><a name="sdendnote17anc" href="#sdendnote17sym" id="sdendnote17anc"><sup>xvii</sup></a></sup> The war business is plainly out of control.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><strong>Migration and xenophobia…</strong></p> <p>The blow-back costs of “first world” war-mongering are at last impacting even in Europe- as many as 1.6 million refugees from Syria and elsewhere are reportedly waiting in Turkey to enter Europe. To date, England has provided refuge for only 150 Syrian refugees, yet The Sun newspaper there disgracefully suggests that gunships should be deployed to sink refugee boats, and described the refugees themselves as “cockroaches.”<sup><a name="sdendnote18anc" href="#sdendnote18sym" id="sdendnote18anc"><sup>xviii</sup></a></sup> An estimated 300,000 refugees will apply for asylum in Germany during 2015 compared with 200,000 last year, and neo-Nazis are already fire-bombing refugee centres.<sup><a name="sdendnote19anc" href="#sdendnote19sym" id="sdendnote19anc"><sup>xix</sup></a></sup> That even the wealthiest country in Europe is struggling to deal with such modest numbers, it should be no surprise that the influx of millions of refugees has caused major difficulties in South Africa.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><strong>Will Africa be America’s next battleground?</strong></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">Somalia is a “failed state” as a direct consequence of the Cold War. Yet undeterred by dismal failures of US military interventions around the world since 1945, AFRICOM is making contingency plans on assumptions of an “Islamic State of Africa,” spread across the Continent. Billions of dollars have been pumped into construction of bases, weapons exports, proxy wars, assassinations, including mainly secret 674 military activities in Africa during 2014 in efforts to blunt Chinese investment and influence.<sup><a name="sdendnote20anc" href="#sdendnote20sym" id="sdendnote20anc"><sup>xx</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA">The population of Africa is projected at one and a half billion people by 2025, about one-third of whom will be under the age of 18. Given their desperation, the risks of drowning in the Mediterranean will certainly not deter refugees from seeking a better life in Europe.</p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"> </p> <p align="LEFT" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Notes</span></p> <div id="sdendnote1"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote1sym" href="#sdendnote1anc" id="sdendnote1sym">i</a> Kate Wilkinson (2015, April 20). “South Africa’s Xenophobic Attacks: Are Migrants Really Stealing Jobs?” The Guardian.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote2"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote2sym" href="#sdendnote2anc" id="sdendnote2sym">ii</a> Thomas Gaist, (2015, Apirl 1). “Former Military Dictator Muhammadu Buhari Wins Nigerian Presidency,” Global Research.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote3"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote3sym" href="#sdendnote3anc" id="sdendnote3sym">iii</a> “South African Destabilisation: The Economic Cost of Frontline Resistance To Apartheid,” (1989), United Nations, New York.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote4"> <p><a name="sdendnote4sym" href="#sdendnote4anc" id="sdendnote4sym">iv</a> Jan Van Criegkinge, (2006, December 1). “ Congo (DRC) and War Profiteers: A Tragedy Forgotten by the Global Peace Movement,” War Profiteers News #4, London.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote5"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote5sym" href="#sdendnote5anc" id="sdendnote5sym">v</a> David Smith, (2012, October 10). Paul Kagame’s Rwanda: African Success Or Authoritarian State, The Guardian.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote6"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote6sym" href="#sdendnote6anc" id="sdendnote6sym">vi</a> “Miners Shot Down,” (2014). An 86 minute documentary film by Rehad Desai, Uhuru Productions (Pty) Ltd, Johannesburg, <a href="http://www.minersshotdown.co.za">www.minersshotdown.co.za</a></p> </div> <div id="sdendnote7"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote7sym" href="#sdendnote7anc" id="sdendnote7sym">vii</a> Dick Forslund (2014). “The Bermuda Connection: Profit Shifting and Unaffordability at Lonmin 1999-2012,” Alternative Information and Development Centre, Cape Town.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote8"> <p><a name="sdendnote8sym" href="#sdendnote8anc" id="sdendnote8sym">viii</a> <a href="http://www.africaprogressreport">www.africaprogressreport</a>.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote9"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote9sym" href="#sdendnote9anc" id="sdendnote9sym">ix</a> Ed Pilkington, (2009, May 27). “14 years After Ken Saro-Wiwa’s Death, Family Points Finger At Shell In Court,” The Guardian.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote10"> <p align="JUSTIFY" lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote10sym" href="#sdendnote10anc" id="sdendnote10sym">x</a> Steven P Meyer, (2009, January 27). “How British Imperialists Created The Fascist Jabotinsky,” Executive Intelligence Review.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote11"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote11sym" href="#sdendnote11anc" id="sdendnote11sym">xi</a> Kenan Malik, (2015, April 21). “Migrants Face Fortress Europe’s Deadly Moat,” New York Times.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote12"> <p><a name="sdendnote12sym" href="#sdendnote12anc" id="sdendnote12sym">xii</a> Kenneth R. Timmerman, (1992). “The Death Lobby: How The West Armed Iraq,” Bantam Books, London</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote13"> <p><a name="sdendnote13sym" href="#sdendnote13anc" id="sdendnote13sym">xiii</a> “Cameron Defends Arms Deals In Gulf,” (2012, November 12). Huffington Post.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote14"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote14sym" href="#sdendnote14anc" id="sdendnote14sym">xiv</a> Jon B Alterman and William McCants, (2012). “Saudi Arabia: Islamists Rising And Falling.” <a href="http://csis.org/files/publication/141215_Chapter6_Alterman_McCants_ReligiousRadicalism.pdf">http://csis.org/files/publication/141215_Chapter6_Alterman_McCants_Reli…</a></p> </div> <div id="sdendnote15"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote15sym" href="#sdendnote15anc" id="sdendnote15sym">xv</a> David Leigh and Rob Evans, (2007, June 7). “BAE Accused Of Secretly Paying £1bn To Saudi Prince,” The Guardian.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote16"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote16sym" href="#sdendnote16anc" id="sdendnote16sym">xvi</a> William Simpson, (2006). The Prince: The Secret Story Of The World’s Most Intriguing Royal, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, pages 133-151.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote17"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote17sym" href="#sdendnote17anc" id="sdendnote17sym">xvii</a> Peter Beaumont, (2015, April 23). “The $18 bn Arms Race Helping To Fuel Middle East Conflict,” The Guardian.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote18"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote18sym" href="#sdendnote18anc" id="sdendnote18sym">xviii</a> Yiannis Baboulias, (2015, April 21). “Europe’s Refugee Policy Is Broken,” Al Jazeera.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote19"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote19sym" href="#sdendnote19anc" id="sdendnote19sym">xix</a> Alison Smale, (2015, April 22). “Germany’s Small Towns Feel The Cost Of Europe’s Migrant Crisis,” New York Times.</p> </div> <div id="sdendnote20"> <p lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA" xml:lang="en-ZA"><a name="sdendnote20sym" href="#sdendnote20anc" id="sdendnote20sym">xx</a> Nick Turse, (2014, April 14). “The US Military’s Battlefield Of Tomorrow,” TomDispatch.com.</p> </div> <p> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/92" hreflang="en">United Kingdom</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/121" hreflang="en">Saudi Arabia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/111" hreflang="en">Iran</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">South Africa</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/164" hreflang="en">Eritrea</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/208" hreflang="en">Congo, Democratic Republic of</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/86" hreflang="en">Africa</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/412" hreflang="en">Military bases</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/65" hreflang="en">Mercenaries</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/64" hreflang="en">International Law</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/498" hreflang="en">Extractive industry</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=24530&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="Ax442zjEAiuQ3u9laJ6Bz1ixZRzPcPXC30AVnNIi-Is"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 28 Apr 2015 15:22:54 +0000 Andrew 24530 at https://updates.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: Providence Equity Partners https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/war-profiteer-month-providence-equity-partners <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--24525.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="24525" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 28 Apr 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> </p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="639b8a35-994a-40ea-8bb6-646198265a0c" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/Providence-equity-logo.img_assist_custom-391x69.png?itok=8zPV0OvE 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/Providence-equity-logo.img_assist_custom-391x69.png?itok=8zPV0OvE" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p>Providence Equity Partners is a global private equity firm focused on media, communications, education and information investments. Providence Equity Partners have a history of profiteering from war, including owning the company U.S.Investigation Services, which trained the violent and secretive <a href="http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14700">'Emergency Response Unit', an Iraqi paramilitary security organisation</a>. However, Providence are our particular focus this month because the company has just bought an events company called Clarion Events.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><strong>Clarion</strong></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Clarion – which has itself featured as a 'war profiteer of the month' in <a href="node/13594">August 2011</a> - organises trade shows and exhibitions all over the world, and many of these are focused on 'defence and security' - arms fairs. Clarion's <a href="http://www.clarionevents.com/sectors2/defence-and-security">portfolio</a> of 'defence' events includes Dimdex in Qatar, the Sea-Air-Space Exhibition in the USA, LAAD Defence and Security in Brazil, ITEC in Czech Republic, Maritime and Coastal Security Africa (MCSA) in South Africa, and the DSEi and Counter Terror Expo in the UK. Many of these events are taking place again this year – LAAD and ITEC are taking place in April, DSEi will be returning to the Excel Centre in London in September, and MCSA is planned to take place in November.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Providence Equity bought Clarion Events on 9th January 2015, <a href="http://www.conference-news.co.uk/news/2015/01/12/Providence-Equity-snaps-up-Clarion/7932">in a deal worth £200m</a>. The purchase was protested by the Stop the Arms Fair coalition in London. When news came that Clarion's previous owner Veronis Suhler Stevenson was struggling to sell the company, activists occupied their offices to put potential buyers off even more. <a href="https://www.caat.org.uk/media/press-releases/2014-12-09">The occupation</a>, which took place in December 2014 was themed 'buy Clarion, get us free', and was <a href="https://www.caat.org.uk/media/press-releases/2015-02-20">followed up by a demonstration at an address for Providence Equity</a> when news came of the purchase.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><strong>War Profiteering – What have Provience Equity bought into?</strong></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">By purchasing Clarion, Providence Equity will be profiting from war all over the world; the different fairs that the company now profits from facilitate the sale of arms that will be used in conflicts across the globe. However, many of these fairs have been met with resistance from anti-militarists.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">ITEC</span></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">In 2009, WRI affiliate Vredesactie <a href="/de/node/7558">infiltrated the International Training and Education Conference (ITEC)</a>, and revealed simulators and software being sold that are used by the Israeli military. Commenting on software developed by Cubic Defense Applications for the MATBAT-B Israeli military training base, an Israeli officer said the training “proves its added value every single day in ongoing operations along the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.” The exhibition is due to take place again in April 2015.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">UDT</span></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"> </p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="749cddf7-b192-44c3-81bd-824594b5e386" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/arton5143_0.img_assist_custom-228x171.jpg?itok=eB7c4J3V 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/arton5143_0.img_assist_custom-228x171.jpg?itok=8uE3lJ5T" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p><span style="text-decoration: none;">The Undersea Defence Technology (UDT) expo changes location every year, and is attended by the world's biggest arms companies and top-ranking military officers. In 2012, activists in Alicante, Spain, </span><a href="node/15561"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">held banners and performed a die-in during the opening of the fair</span></a><span style="text-decoration: none;">. When the fair took place in Liverpool, UK, in 2014, it was also met with resistance by </span><a href="http://merseysidepeacenetwork.com/?p=68"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">local peace campaigners</span></a><span style="text-decoration: none;">. UDT will next take place in the Netherlands, from 3rd-5th June 2015.</span></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DSEi</span></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;">Defence and Security Exhibition International (DSEi) is one of the biggest arms fair in the world. It last took place in London, in 2013, and is due to take place again in September 2015. The fair has a protracted history of facilitating the sale of arms all over the world, and has also routinely to be found marketing weapons that could be used to repress political dissent, and equipment that could be used for torture. In 2013, the UK government invited 67 countries to attend, including nine countries identified by the UK Home Office as having “the most serious wide-ranging human rights concerns”, and six countries at war: Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Pakistan and Turkey.</p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"> </p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="b13fe80d-cfbe-43e8-a5ef-43d9cb33628d" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/stopdsei_0.home.jpg?itok=W3-0yg-1 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/stopdsei_0.home.jpg?itok=W3-0yg-1" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p>In 2013, after being arrested for blocking access to one of the entrances of the fair, a group of activists <a href="https://vimeo.com/122144971">began private prosecution proceedings against two companies</a> – Magforce International and Tianjin MyWay - who attended the fair in 2013 and were found to be promoting the sale of leg irons, electric stun batons, and electric stun guns. These items are illegal to sell in the UK because they are likely to be used to commit acts of torture. In July 2014, the proceedings <a href="https://armsdealersontrial.wordpress.com/2014/07/10/breaking-news-prosecution-discontinued/">were discontinued </a>by the British Crown Prosecution Service. Amnesty International uncovered evidence that similar items were being advertised by a different company – CTSThompson – <a href="http://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/london-arms-fair-advertises-banned-torture-equipment">at the fair in 2011</a>, and said that similar items were being promoted in 2007, when the fair was organised by the company Reed Elsevier.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/99" hreflang="en">Brazil</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/92" hreflang="en">United Kingdom</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/201" hreflang="en">Spain (State of)</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">Belgium</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">South Africa</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-police-militarisation-them--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/resistance" hreflang="en">Resistance</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-companies--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-companies.html.twig * field--expert--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-companies.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--node--field-companies.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-companies.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/500" hreflang="en">Providence Equity Partners</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/280" hreflang="en">ITEC</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/278" hreflang="en">Defence and Security Equipment International (DSEI)</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/276" hreflang="en">Clarion Events</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=24525&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="0n3LTXdu5KCU0E_EkysAiZYZWhxO7z2SBqmnZUmVpW0"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 28 Apr 2015 10:44:40 +0000 Andrew 24525 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/war-profiteer-month-providence-equity-partners#comments