feminist https://updates.wri-irg.org/en en COVID-19: divest, demilitarise, and disarm https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/covid-19-divest-demilitarise-and-disarm <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--42186.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="42186" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-09/type_88_tanks_01.jpg?itok=7oJJEpRd 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/type_88_tanks_01.jpg?itok=h4vk03LJ 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/type_88_tanks_01.jpg?itok=h4vk03LJ" alt="Type 88 tanks in a line" title="Type 88 tanks. Source: wikimedia/CC4.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 08 Sep 2020</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--dynamic-twig-field:node-author-name-twig---custom.html.twig * field--default--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--default--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig--story.html.twig * field--node--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--dynamic-twig-field--node-author-name-twig.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-dynamic-twig-fieldnode-author-name-twig field--type-ds field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field--item"> <span>Ray Acheson</span> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>This article was originally published by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom on 5th May 2020. The original is available here: </em><a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-divest-demilitarise-and-disarm/">https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-divest-demilitarise-and-disarm/</a></p> <p>$1,917,000,000,000. Or $1.9 trillion. Any way you write it, that’s a lot of money. All of which has been spent on militarism: on weapons production and development, on soldiers, on wars, on bases, on command and support systems, on repression. This <a href="https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2020/global-military-expenditure-sees-largest-annual-increase-decade-says-sipri-reaching-1917-billion">number</a>, released this week by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, constitutes a 3.6 per cent increase from 2018, which is the largest annual growth in spending since 2010.</p> <p>We are spending more on militarism and weapons and pretending it brings security when we know people are fleeing from <a href="http://www.inew.org" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">relentless bombing of their towns and cities</a>, when we know the <a href="https://www.icanw.org" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">devastating radioactive violence</a> of nuclear weapons lasts for generations, when we know that domestic violence victims <a href="https://lawcenter.giffords.org/facts/gun-violence-statistics/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">are more likely to be killed</a> by an intimate partner if there is a gun in the home, when we know that <a href="https://reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/publications-and-research/research-projects/11883-challenging-armed-drones" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">armed drones</a> have killed thousands of civilians indiscriminately, when we know that the so-called threats that all this militarism is supposed to prevent just leads to more and more violence.</p> <p>“Violence makes violence, makes nothing much at all.” – Jesse Custer, Preacher</p> <h1>Myths and material reality</h1> <p>Yet the culture of militarism runs deep and holds fast. 105 years ago, WILPF’s founders <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/WILPF_triennial_congress_1915.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">saw</a> that those who manufactured weapons were at the heart of a grave, <a href="http://www.iansa-women.org/sites/default/files/newsviews/en-wmdc-paper38-2005.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">deeply gendered</a> racket, in which myths such as “security through violence” and “peace through war” are peddled in order to justify ever-increasing extravagant military budgets and profits.</p> <p>Its <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-militarise-or-organise/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">embeddedness in our culture</a> is why, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the military-industrial complex has done so well for itself. In many countries, arms producers have been <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/from-ceasefire-to-divestment-and-disarmament/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">deemed essential services</a>. Boeing, a major military contractor, successfully <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/boeing-to-emerge-as-big-stimulus-winner-11585331293" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">pushed</a> for billions in aid to the arms industry in the $2 trillion US stimulus bill. Part of the triumph of the military industry in the United States is due to the <a href="https://www.thenation.com/article/world/coronavirus-defense-budget-spending/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">revolving door</a> between arms contractors and the government. The industry also portrays itself as a great employer, from soldiering to weapons manufacturing to base building—even though as <a href="https://www.veteransforpeace.org/our-work/truth-in-recruiting" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">veterans</a> and <a href="https://catalog.princeton.edu/catalog/234088" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">economists</a> have pointed out, <a href="https://www.defenseone.com/business/2020/04/pentagon-urges-mexico-reopen-covid-closed-factories-supply-us-weapon-makers/164756/?oref=d-river" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">this is not the case</a>.</p> <p>The jobs argument just does not hold water. But the profits for these companies certainly does. About <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2018/03/08/defense-ceo-salaries.html" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">90 per cent of Lockheed Martin’s budget</a>, for example, comes from the US government—or rather, from US taxpayers. Its CEO earns between $21 and 34 million per year.</p> <p>These corporations also profit from the international arms trade—which, despite the UN Secretary-General’s call for a global ceasefire, has also <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-a-sustainable-ceasefire-means-no-more-business-as-usual/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">continued unabated</a> during the pandemic. In Libya, for example, where several actors have <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/04/european-union-calls-libya-truce-resumption-peace-talks-200425163638098.html" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">called for a ceasefire</a>, in particular <a href="https://www.france24.com/en/20200430-libya-strongman-haftar-agrees-to-ramadan-ceasefire" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">during Ramadan</a>, and where there is an official UN arms embargo in place, <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/27/libya-fighting-intensifies-rival-forces-defy-un-call-global-ceasefire" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">fighting has not only intensified</a> but it has turned into what the <a href="https://www.defenceweb.co.za/security/national-security/libya-becoming-experimental-arms-field/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">UN acting special envoy called</a> “an experimental field for all types of new weapons systems” due to arms shipments from supporters of the warring parties.</p> <p>As noted in a <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-the-risks-of-relying-on-technology-to-save-us-from-the-coronavirus/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">previous blog</a>, governments are also experimenting with new technologies of violence, surveillance, and repression during the pandemic, risking violation of <a href="https://ploughshares.ca/2020/04/human-rights-must-be-safeguarded-while-fighting-coronavirus/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">human rights</a> now and in the future. The military contractors involved in the development of these technologies include many of the usual suspects but also involve a growing number of tech firms including Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and many more.</p> <p>It’s important to note here that Amazon, which is <a href="https://www.geekwire.com/2020/dod-likely-split-jedi-contract-amazon-microsoft-analyst-says/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">suing</a> the US government over not choosing it for its military cloud computing contract, has profited wildly from the coronavirus. At least, its CEO has. Jeff Bezos’ net worth has <a href="https://robbreport.com/lifestyle/news/jeff-bezos-made-24-billion-during-coronavirus-pandemic-2915078/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">increased by $24 billion</a> during the pandemic. Meanwhile, Amazon workers are <a href="https://theintercept.com/2020/04/28/coronavirus-may-1-strike-sickout-amazon-target-whole-foods/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">striking</a> because the company has not provided them with proper protective gear or been transparent about the number of positive cases in its facilities. Amazon is also <a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/whole-foods-tracks-unionization-risk-with-heat-map-2020-1" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">using surveillance technology</a> to identify union organising activities at its Whole Foods facilities. This a prime example of various strands of militarism, capitalism, and repression coming together to <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-coronavirus-capitalism-versus-persistent-activism/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">exploit moments of crisis</a> for the personal gain of those at the very top of the money chain.</p> <h1>Making more than violence</h1> <p>Despite the stranglehold that militarism and its material realities seem to have over our politics and economics, this pandemic is starting to create some cracks and shifts in the official narrative. This week in New York, for example, where doctors and nurses are wearing raincoats and bandanas instead of proper protective gear, the military did a fly-over with their $20 million jets to “thank” front-line medical workers, additionally wasting hundreds of thousands of dollars of fuel. <a href="https://gothamist.com/arts-entertainment/photos-videos-new-yorkers-overwhelmingly-uninspired-military-flyover" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">New Yorkers were not impressed</a>.</p> <p>Around the world, people are starting to ask, how could our governments have been so unprepared for this crisis? They are looking at where their tax dollars have been going, towards weapons, war, and militarised “security”. They are asking, what else could this money have been spent on?</p> <p>The <a href="http://demilitarize.org/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Global Campaign on Military Spending</a> has <a href="http://demilitarize.org/resources/gdams-healthcare-not-warfare-infographic/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">shown</a> that one F-35 joint strike fighter aircraft could pay for 3244 intensive care unit beds, or that one submarine could pay for over 9000 fully-equipped ambulances. The <a href="https://www.icanw.org/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons</a> has <a href="https://www.icanw.org/healthcare_costs" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">shown</a> that a years’ worth of current investments in nuclear weapons in each country that has them could pay for hundreds of thousands of medical workers, ventilators, protective gear, and more. We know that more jobs could be created through <a href="https://jacobinmag.com/2019/05/green-new-deal-fight-militarism-imperialism" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">investments in a Green New Deal</a> and a <a href="https://www.jacobinmag.com/2019/08/red-deal-green-new-deal-ecosocialism-decolonization-indigenous-resistance-environment" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Red Deal</a> than are currently created by military spending, and that such investments would help us mitigate the climate crisis and improve the lives of billions of people and everyone else living on our planet.</p> <p>So what do we need to do shift our culture and economics away from militarism and towards peace, <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-solidarity-as-a-political-tool-for-radical-transformation/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">solidarity</a>, and social well-being?</p> <h1>Cut military spending now</h1> <p>We can start by cutting military spending. Mikhail Gorbachev, former premier of the Soviet Union, has called for an <a href="https://ccisf.org/mikhail-gorbachev-when-the-pandemic-is-over-the-world-must-come-together/#more-5008">emergency special session</a> of the UN General Assembly to revise the “entire global agenda,” including by committing states to cut military spending by 10–15 per cent.</p> <p>WILPF welcomes this call. But we also do not believe that a 15 per cent cut in military spending gets us to where we need to be. Fifteen per cent of $1.9 trillion is $285 billion. Yes, that is a lot of money! It could be put to immediate good use on multiple fronts, from health care to employment and wages to housing to education to food and shelter, during this crisis and beyond.</p> <p>But when we consider that the United States alone spent <a href="https://www.sipri.org/media/press-release/2020/global-military-expenditure-sees-largest-annual-increase-decade-says-sipri-reaching-1917-billion" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">$732 billion last year on militarism</a>, or when we consider that the nuclear weapon maintenance and modernisation programmes are going to <a href="https://reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/publications-and-research/publications/13667-assuring-destruction-forever-2019-edition" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">cost over $1 trillion</a>, or when we consider the <a href="https://www.cbo.gov/publication/55849" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">annual costs of operating foreign military bases</a> or the <a href="https://www.cbo.gov/publication/55849" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">single unit prices</a> of jet fighters, battle tanks, and submarines, we can clearly see a much greater cut is not only possible but absolutely necessary.</p> <h1>Disarm and demilitarise</h1> <p>To achieve this, the UN General Assembly needs to take additional actions, including taking over implementation of <a href="https://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/fact-sheets/critical-issues/4565-article-26-of-the-un-charter" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Article 26 of the UN Charter</a>. This article gives the UN Security Council and the (now-defunct) Military Staff Committee the responsibility for creating a plan for regulating armaments and reducing military spending. These bodies have completely reneged on this responsibility. The UN General Assembly should take it up and negotiate a concrete programme for military divestment, demilitarisation, and disarmament.</p> <p>The UN General Assembly has already negotiated and adopted the international <a href="https://reachingcriticalwill.org/disarmament-fora/att" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Arms Trade Treaty</a>, which is a good first step. But as a tool that is supposed to prevent arms transfers that lead to human suffering, it has not lived up to its promise or potential. Much more is needed. Because many of the ATT’s champions are major arms producers and exporters, the Treaty has been used since its adoption as a tool to legitimise their production of and profits from weapons. While beneficial to certain governments and corporations, it has meant that people around the world continue to die from bombs and bullets on a daily basis.</p> <p>We need an international system that deals directly with the production of weapons, as well as their sale, trade, trafficking, and with war profiteering. We need a programme for <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/publications/occasionalpapers/no-28/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">general and complete disarmament</a>, building on the prohibitions, divestments, and elimination of specific weapon systems that we already have, taking the economic and political incentives out of arms manufacturing.</p> <p>As part of this project of disarmament, divestment, and demilitarisation, we need to consider how to hold states to account for their commitments. Interim measures could include, for example, the establishment of an international monitoring body to track investments in weapons production and purchase, profits from sale and trade, with the objective of imposing taxes or other penalties for crossing agreed thresholds. The funds from this system of taxation could be deployed to assist with disarmament programmes, to retool arms production facilitates to other socially progressive purposes, and for disarmament and demilitarisation education.</p> <p>The role that bilateral and multilateral development assistance, as well as international financial institutions (IFIs), must be examined as to whether they are incentivising or directly contributing to increases in military spending. The US government, for example, stipulates that recipients of its “foreign aid” must use part of the funds to purchase military equipment or training. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, parts of the funding made available by European Union for the country’s response to the increase in migration flows have gone into purchasing surveillance and other equipment for the police forces.</p> <p>Indirectly, conditionalities attached to IFI loans and grants that inter alia require privatisations, weakening of labour laws, and cuts in public spending, lead to increasing inequality and poverty. This often <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318458018_Military_Expenditure_versus_Structural_Adjustment_Programmes_Implications_and_Alternatives" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">prompts governments</a> to spend more on militarism, including by equipping police forces with army-grade weapons, to better protect private interests and resist opposition. These entities should be actively fostering policies for demilitarisation and disarmament, not increasing the availability of weapons and the risks of repression, violence, and war.</p> <p>Self-evidently, the UN Security Council cannot maintain its current mandate of making executive decisions on matters of international peace and security when its five permanent members, each of which has a veto over every resolution and decision, all profit massively from international arms trafficking and the violence it facilitates in conflicts around the world.</p> <p>Outside of the UN Security Council, various UN bodies have in the past <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/OP-33-web.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">undertaken serious efforts</a> to reduce military spending. In 1959 the UN General Assembly reached consensus on the objective of general and complete disarmament, which prompted several efforts for disarmament, divestment, and demilitarisation within the UN system.</p> <p>Essentially none of this work is ongoing now. Routine resolutions are adopted every year at the UN General Assembly about disarmament and development and about transparency in armaments, and mechanisms such as the <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/register/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">UN Register of Conventional Weapons</a> and <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/milex/publications/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">Instrument for Reporting Military Expenditures</a> continue to exist. But the momentum and energy have dissipated. This work should be resurrected and recharged.</p> <h1>Deconstruct power and re-centre reality</h1> <p>The UN Office for Disarmament Affairs is attempting to spark some interest, with its release last year of a <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/OP-33-web.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">paper</a> providing a historical overview of past efforts, followed this year by the publication of a <a href="https://www.un.org/disarmament/publications/occasionalpapers/unoda-occasional-papers-no-35-april-2020/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">volume of activist perspectives</a> on military spending.</p> <p>This new publication includes a chapter from WILPF on <a href="https://front.un-arm.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/op-35-web.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">feminist perspectives on military spending</a>, in which we argue that military spending has consequences for ordering our societies and international relations and has thus far condemned us to live within systems of violence and exploitation. We highlight that the harms caused by militarism are levelled disproportionately by and against men in the immediate term, but are inflicted differentially and devastatingly upon those who have the least to do with creating this system: including women, Indigenous groups, LGBTQ+ people, ethnic and religious minorities, the poor and disenfranchised. Such populations tend to have no or little role in shaping the discourse on military spending, let alone establishing the limits or creating the budgets.</p> <p>From this context, we reiterate WILPF’s call from 1915 for an end to the privatisation of military production and for outlawing the influence of corporate interest over national policies that undermine disarmament and preclude a rational analysis of weapons and war. We need to centre instead those whose lives have been harmed by the weaponisation of our world; centring a feminist practice and policy that exposes the dominant militaristic narrative as a perspective, not the only credible perspective; and dismantling systems that privilege the militarised voices in our midst.</p> <p>This project of deconstructing and reconstructing power also means we need to deal with <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-a-sustainable-ceasefire-means-no-more-business-as-usual/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">violent masculinities</a>. Not only does the construct of militarised masculinity, as described previously, <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-militarise-or-organise/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">limit our ability</a> to see past militarism as solution and saviour to all of our problems even while it is the cause of those problems, but it also <a href="http://www.iansa-women.org/sites/default/files/newsviews/en-wmdc-paper38-2005.pdf" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">portrays disarmament</a> or conceptions of human security as “effeminate” and weak. Those perpetuating the dominant systems of thought posit that proponents of alternatives to militarism are emotional, unrealistic, and irrational. As the argument goes, there will always be those who want the capacity to wield power through violence; therefore, the “rational” actors need to retain the weapons for protection against the irrational others. This attitude not only <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21624887.2018.1468127" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">undermines disarmament</a> and reductions of military spending, but also perpetuates a <a href="https://reachingcriticalwill.org/resources/publications-and-research/publications/9367-sex-and-drone-strikes-gender-and-identity-in-targeting-and-casualty-analysis" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">social acceptance</a> of human beings as expendable, in stark contrast to the principles that form the bedrock of human rights law.</p> <h1>Take an integrated approach</h1> <p>This work also requires better integration and coordination among UN and other international mechanisms, including those related to disarmament, human rights, and women, peace, and security. For many years, WILPF has been <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/our-global-programmes/human-rights/#publications" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">amplifying</a> the voices of women from around the world whose rights and security have been negatively impacted by the arms trade and the use of weapons in conflict, post-conflict, and in times of “peace”. We have made submissions about arms production and trade to human rights bodies and have talked about women’s rights in disarmament forums. Some governments and elements of the UN system are taking a more integrated approach to some of these issues but are categorically falling short of undertaking actions that will introduce the transformative changes we need in our structures of economic and political power. Adding women and stirring is just not enough, folks.</p> <p>The UN’s human rights mechanisms have already been stepping up during this crisis. As mentioned in our <a href="https://www.wilpf.org/covid-19-multilateralism-matters/" rel="noopener noreferrer" target="_blank">blog about multilateralism</a>, statements and guidelines from the High Commissioners for Human Rights and for Refugees, some UN special rapporteurs, and at least ten human rights treaty bodies and committees, have been urging governments to ensure respect for human rights during the pandemic. Many of these have accounted for the intersectionality of sex, gender, race, class, disability, and other experiences and identities in their suggestions for how to prevent repression of various populations, including when it comes to using surveillance technologies. This work should be continued and taken up in a coordinated way by other aspects of the multilateral machinery, and must also look at the ways in which militarism impacts human rights during this crisis and beyond.</p> <h1>Evolve and adapt</h1> <p>The connections between military spending, human rights, and the health of people and planet have never been clearer. We are what we spend our money on. Right now, we are armed to our teeth without a face mask to spare. If we are to survive this crisis, and the next one—crises of our own making because of our choices in investment in militarism, fossil fuels, and the capitalist economy—we absolutely must learn and adapt. In this case, adaptation means divestment, demilitarisation, and disarmament. This is entirely possible, if we choose to act. Now.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-author-information--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--field-author-information.html.twig * field--default--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--field-author-information.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--field-author-information--story.html.twig * field--node--field-author-information.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-author-information.html.twig * field--entity-reference-revisions.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-field-author-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Author information</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'paragraph' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * paragraph--authors-and-bios--bio-only.html.twig * paragraph--authors-and-bios.html.twig * paragraph--bio-only.html.twig x paragraph.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/paragraphs/paragraph.html.twig' --> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--authors-and-bios paragraph--id--_57 paragraph--view-mode--bio-only"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-bio--bio-only.html.twig * field--paragraph--field-bio--authors-and-bios.html.twig * field--paragraph--field-bio.html.twig * field--paragraph--authors-and-bios.html.twig * field--field-bio.html.twig * field--text-long.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-field-bio field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><i>Ray Acheson is the Director of Reaching Critical Will, the disarmament program of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.</i></p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/paragraphs/paragraph.html.twig' --> </div> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/702" hreflang="en">Covid-19</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42186&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="2hbCIUU_VBw617SpfFXL3zbxgNWQT93EhqvPQNIuOpo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 08 Sep 2020 13:12:05 +0000 Andrew 42186 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/covid-19-divest-demilitarise-and-disarm#comments 'Piecing it Together' published in Catalan https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/piecing-it-together-published-catalan <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--41003.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="41003" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-image--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-image.html.twig * field--expert--field-image--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-image.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-image--story.html.twig * field--node--field-image.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-image.html.twig * field--image.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2017-11/pit-catalan-cover_1.jpg?itok=9tp9ZWjL 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-11/pit-catalan-cover_1.jpg?itok=zVn0BM1K 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-11/pit-catalan-cover_1.jpg?itok=zVn0BM1K" alt="Cover of Lliguem caps" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> </picture> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 07 Nov 2017</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Exciting news! <a href="/en/story/2010/piecing-it-together-feminism-and-nonviolence">Piecing it Together</a>, the WRI's Feminism and Nonviolence Study Group's extraordinary pamphlet of 1983 has just been published in Catalan.</p> <p>Piecing it Together was a seminal work that had impacts across the antimilitarist and feminist movements, including within WRI. It opens by saying <em>'It has become clear to us that resistance to war and to the use of nuclear weapons is impossible without resistance to sexism, to racism, to imperialism and to violence as an everyday pervasive reality. There is a profound relationship between the fact that individual women are commonly attacked and beaten up and that a nuclear war threatens the entire world.'</em></p> <p>Find it <a href="http://icip.gencat.cat/ca/detalls/Article/Eines-21">here</a>, published by the <a href="http://icip.gencat.cat/ca/">Institut Català Internacional per la Pau</a>.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/womens-wg" hreflang="en">Women&#039;s WG</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/201" hreflang="en">Spain (State of)</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41003&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="HtDnXQ8rAsWKtISMtYWEhSMCM76E9eKYvapCKwCdKc4"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 07 Nov 2017 10:44:28 +0000 HBrock 41003 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/piecing-it-together-published-catalan#comments Mining, gender and militarism in Africa https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/mining-gender-and-militarism-in-Africa <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--26478.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="26478" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 23 May 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>Samantha Hargreaves </strong>from <a href="http://womin.org.za/who-we-are/what-is-womin.html">WoMin</a> - an African gender and extractives alliance - speaks to Andrew Dey from WRI about the links between gender, extractive industries and militarism in Africa, and what this new network is doing to counter it.</p> <p><strong>Tell us about your work – what is Womin, when did you form, and who makes up your network? What are the critical issues you are working on?</strong></p> <p><strong>Samantha:</strong> WoMin was launched in October 2013. We work with about 50 allied organisations in fourteen countries across Southern, East and West Africa. Most partners are working on issues of land, natural resources, extractive industries, environmental and climate justice and women’s rights. Our work with women rights organisations has generally been challenged by their focus to more 'traditional' gender issues like violence against women, women and girl child education and health, with a small number working on the terrain of environment, land and other economic justice questions.</p> <p> </p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'filter_caption' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <figure role="group" class="embedded-entity"> <div alt=" WoMin Southern African women and coal exchange. Photo: Heidi Augestad" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="420d0b3f-59c8-404a-a040-055f741bff8d" data-langcode="en" title=""> <img alt=" WoMin Southern African women and coal exchange. Photo: Heidi Augestad" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/Meeting%202%20sh%20%282%29.home.jpg?itok=m91ZoQRf" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/Meeting%202%20sh%20%282%29.home.jpg?itok=m91ZoQRf 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <figcaption>WoMin Southern African women and coal exchange. Photo: Heidi Augestad</figcaption> </figure> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p><strong></strong></p> <!--break--><p>WoMin has a secretariat based in South Africa and a governing body representing all of the sub-regions we work in. Linking extractive industries, environmental and climate change and women’s rights is quite ground-breaking; in 2013 we found no organisations working directly on these intersections in Africa, and very few working on the same at the national level. WoMin is therefore filling an important political gap – we support women’s movement building which brings in an important economic and environmental perspective and we promote proposals addressing the developmental changes needed from a combined African, feminist, economic and eco/climate justice perspective.</p> <p><strong>You work specifically on extractivist projects; could you describe the links between extractivist projects, gender, and militarisation or violence?</strong></p> <p>Resource extraction is a deeply violent and brutal process - it dispossess people of their land and forests; it pollutes water, air and soil; and artisanal miners<a href="#sdfootnote1sym" name="sdfootnote1anc" id="sdfootnote1anc"><sup>1</sup></a> and industrial workers endure dangerous, violent working conditions. As WoMin our analysis and response addresses the gendered dimensions of this structural violence. We have been writing and starting to organise around the militarisation and securitisation of extractives impacted communities and regions, and pointing to how this process impacts women's bodies and lives.</p> <p>In South Africa, Bazooka Rhadebe - a key activist against titanium mining in Xolobeni in the Eastern Cape was assassinated in March 2016. Next week WoMin will be returning to the Somkhele and Fuleni communities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa who are fighting coal mining and where there has been intimidation, serious assault and death threats against anti-mining activists.</p> <p>In Tanzania, a Chinese sponsored gas pipeline which runs from the South of the country to Dar es Salaam for onward shipping was the subject of protest in 2013 by local citizens who were carrying the costs of land displacements, but were not benefiting from the gas extraction. In May 2013, in response to local riots, the Tanzanian government dispatched the military to Mtwara town and the environs to quell the resistance. The military killed at least four protesters, injured hundreds more, and abducted leading activists into a local military barracks when they were beaten and tortured. In addition, at least one woman was raped by a soldier in Msimbati Village during this period of unrest.</p> <p>In Uganda the oil fields are heavily militarised, with the military working in tandem with mine security to control the movement and activity of local communities. Women there, who have traditionally gathered wood, foods and medicinal plants from the fields and forests in the surroundings, are now subject to regular sexual harassment and invasive strip and search activities as they carry on their livelihood activities.</p> <p>In Zimbabwe, in the Marange diamond fields, more than 200 women artisanal miners and residents were subject to gang rapes during a 2008 military operation, which cleared a path for the military to assume control. More than 200 miners were killed by the military during these operations. In 2011, the BBC exposed a torture camp where miners and community residents were tortured and sexual abuse of women was widespread.</p> <p>Militarisation and securitisation sit hand in glove with the extractive industries, which stand to profit from their political connections to elected politicians, the military and the national elite. Militarisation and securitisation foment deeply entrenched violence against workers, violence in communities, and violence against women. Violence is intrinsic to and inseparable from the extractives industries and extractivism as a development model. There is a significant concentration of men in these industries, who have migrated from their communities and are freed from the social and cultural constraints on their behaviour and inter-personal relations contributing to high levels of interpersonal violence and violence against women. Workers – men and women – work in difficult and often life threatening conditions. In addition, in the artisanal mining sector, workers and women especially, work with extremely dangerous chemicals, such as mercury. With the entry of mining and its associated displacements, women lose the resources they rely on for livelihoods and farming, rendering them further vulnerable to violence.</p> <p><strong>What are WoMin's plans for the future?</strong></p> <p>At a regional meeting in the Niger Delta, Nigeria in October 2015, WoMin resolved to build an African women-led grassroots driven campaign on fossil fuels, energy and climate justice. We are building the campaign in four countries; South Africa, Nigeria, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This campaign is attempting something quite ground-breaking - it is aiming for a model of campaigning which is built from below, supports women’s organising and movement-building, and adheres to eco-feminist principles. It also aims to intersect or converge struggles for women’s rights, environmental and climate justice, land and natural resources, and energy.</p> <p>Our other areas of work are extractivism, militarisation and violence against women, and consent and developmental alternatives. Alternatives need to emerge from communities, and women specifically, and their lived developmental practices and aspirations. The majority of communities in Africa rely on land and water and forests for their livelihoods. They need the state to be prioritising investments in local infrastructure, such as irrigation, markets, roads etc. which support food production, beneficiation and associated livelihods. Instead our states are putting significant public funds into big dams, energy infrastructure, roads and ports which benefit bit corporates instead of local peoples.</p> <p>Communities know what they want and need in support of development defined on their own terms. For example, in Fuleni in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa people there are fighting a proposed coal mine. The mine is being pursued in the context of a significant drought, now running over many years, which has destroyed local food production and impoverished local people. This drought is linked to El Niño and climate change, with fossil fuels being the major contributor to carbon emissions causing climate change. Instead of providing support to these communities to adapt to the drought, to provide water and livelihood alternatives, the state is actively pursuing a coal mine which will require vast amounts of water which they plan to ‘import’ to the area. The majority of the community is saying ‘no’ to mining and ‘yes’ to agro ecology and livestock production. But the South African government is not listening, and overriding local needs and indeed national development interests to satisfy the demands of politically connected corporations – in this instance Glencore and BHP Billiton – with rumoured links to the Zuma<a href="#sdfootnote2sym" name="sdfootnote2anc" id="sdfootnote2anc"><sup>2</sup></a> family.</p> <p>In the context of societies facing multiple crises of climate change, unemployment and failed livelihoods, and rising food prices, we need governments with a visionary development agenda. Instead, we have governments caught up in the idea that development equals increased foreign investment and rising Gross Domestic Product (GDP). We're being encumbered by governments putting investment into mega highways, industrial rail, grand water projects and ports, which aren't investments in people and society – and the public pay for it! Governments are moving resources to the military and diverting budgets to service debt for infrastructures that benefit the corporates. And it is peasant and working class women across Africa who - because of the division of labour - are paying for an absent state and carrying the costs of externalised environmental and social devastation accompanying extractives and mega infrastructure investments.</p> <h3>Notes</h3> <div id="sdfootnote1"> <p><a href="#sdfootnote1anc" name="sdfootnote1sym" id="sdfootnote1sym">1</a><sup> </sup> Artisanal mining is informal, and often ‘illegal’, usually carried out by the rural poor to supplement subsistence farming activity, and typically performed using fairly rudimentary methods and tools.</p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote2"> <p><a href="#sdfootnote2anc" name="sdfootnote2sym" id="sdfootnote2sym">2</a> Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma has been the  since 2009. He is also the President of the ruling party, the  (ANC).</p> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/151" hreflang="en">Zimbabwe</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/137" hreflang="en">Uganda</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/211" hreflang="en">Tanzania</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/230" hreflang="en">South Africa</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/159" hreflang="en">Nigeria</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/86" hreflang="en">Africa</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/498" hreflang="en">Extractive industry</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-police-militarisation-them--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them--story.html.twig * field--node--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-police-militarisation-them.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/gender-and-sexuality" hreflang="en">Gender and sexuality</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/resistance" hreflang="en">Resistance</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=26478&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="nfF-SsBxmxLqVGCdG-vyTSiBigWb8N4t2c_M8eqCngI"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Mon, 23 May 2016 09:47:10 +0000 cmoy 26478 at https://updates.wri-irg.org Book review: The Hammer Blow https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/book-review-hammer-blow <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--26133.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="26133" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 26 Feb 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>“Every bomb that is dropped, every bullet that is fired, has to be made somewhere. And wherever that is, it can be resisted.”</em></p> <p style="text-align: right;"><a href="http://smashedo.org.uk/whoarewe#sthash.uBw0Ktk9.dpuf">Smash EDO</a></p> <p>For anyone involved in anti-militarist campaigning, the Seeds of Hope action has almost mythical status. Not only as an extremely radical and inspiring action; but as an example of how a jury's verdict can be decided on moral grounds on the basis of trying to prevent a greater crime. I have been running direct action trainings for a few years and I don't think there's a single one where Seeds of Hope didn't get mentioned, and its reach extends far beyond the anti-militarist movement.</p> <!--break--> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'filter_caption' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <div alt="The Hammer Blow, by Andrea Needham" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="fb80354d-33ef-4162-94b9-f759e32cef6f" data-langcode="en" title=""> <img alt="The Hammer Blow, by Andrea Needham" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/the%20hammer%20blow.img_assist_custom-297x458.jpeg?itok=vUjQQrAe" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/the%20hammer%20blow.img_assist_custom-297x458.jpeg?itok=R4arUYGu 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <figcaption>The Hammer Blow, by Andrea Needham</figcaption> </figure> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> The Hammer Blow tells the story of a group of women who disarmed a British Aerospace (now BAE Systems) Hawk Jet that was bound for Indonesia. Using household hammers, the women caused millions of pounds worth of damage, but after spending six months in prison awaiting trial, they were acquitted of all charges. The women argued that their action was necessary to stop the Hawk Jet being used in the violence against East Timor as there had been eyewitness accounts that British Aerospace Hawk Jets had been used to attack villages in East Timor. Indonesia had been been illegally occupying East Timor for over 20 years, and in that time had killed a third of the population. Despite gross human rights violations, the UK government continued to endorse arms sales to Indonesia. <p>Although I've known about this action for years, I realised as I was reading The Hammer Blow that there was a lot about it that I didn't know. I didn't realise that it being a women-led action was an active decision; or that four of the women spent six months in prison awaiting trial and then defended themselves in court. I didn't know that they had spent a year preparing for the action, spending one weekend a month meeting to plan for it. And in all the times I have talked about or referenced the action, I don't think I had ever really thought about what it must have felt like to actually go through it; and that they were facing a ten year prison sentence for doing it.</p> <p>The book arrived through my post box on a Saturday morning and by Sunday I had finished it. I couldn't put it down and even found myself reading excerpts from it at a friend's lunch (and I'm not one who usually reads aloud to people!). When I did set it aside so I could sleep, I was so high on adrenaline my brain was buzzing and I had BAE-fuelled dreams. The book had me on the edge of my seat as I followed Andrea's experience of planning and carrying out the action; her time in prison and the suspense of the court case.</p> <p>Andrea starts the book by talking about her process of politicisation and how she was affected by the communities she lived with in the US (the Community for Creative Nonviolence and the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker). I'm always interested in how people get involved in activism, and was sucked in by Andrea's story as she writes about her first protest and her first time getting arrested.</p> <p>The book is very readable, and I was surprised at how funny some of it is. It is peppered with entertaining anecdotes, like when one of the women falls asleep during a recce (they would spend all night in a field watching the arms factory to try and spot a Hawk Jet!); or when having taken a hammer to the Hawk Jet, they spent a long time waiting to be discovered and managed to find a phone and wake up journalist John Pilger and phone their friend Angie Zelter to tell them what had happened. When Angie was eventually arrested for conspiracy, and the prison officer was so taken aback that when they asked if she was a prisoner, she said “No, I'm a prison inspector and I'm just testing out the handcuffs.”</p> <p>The Hammer Blow is a fascinating insight into what some of the thoughts, feelings and logistics people go through when taking action.</p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'filter_caption' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <div alt="The hawk jet the Seeds of Hope affinity group disarmed" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="4eafd80f-9886-4659-b1d2-5a8713d32ecc" data-langcode="en" title=""> <img alt="The hawk jet the Seeds of Hope affinity group disarmed" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/seeds%20of%20hope.home.?itok=38YlG6Et" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/seeds%20of%20hope.home.?itok=38YlG6Et 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <figcaption>The hawk jet the Seeds of Hope affinity group disarmed</figcaption> </figure> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/filter/templates/filter-caption.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> It does a really important job of highlighting how important support roles are in carrying out an action. It's easy to talk about and focus on the people who are arrested on an action; but people don't always see the work that goes into to supporting it. Although three women physically took their hammers to the Hawk Jet; the action would not have been possible without the other seven women in the support group. The commitment and efforts of the women who supported the three in prison is astonishing, especially if you have grown up taking the internet for granted and the speed and ease of communication that comes with it. For example during the six months the women were awaiting trial, their support group was coordinating prison visits, and individually photocopying and posting 1,500 newsletters to the growing number of supporters. <p>Twenty years on, this action couldn't be more relevant. The UK government and BAE Systems continue to arm repressive regimes, with British-made weapons being used in atrocities in places like Yemen. The European Parliament has <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/saudi-arabia-arms-export-embargo-european-parliament-eu-wide-arms-export-embargo-uk-a6895226.html">voted to suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia</a>, the UN has <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/27/un-report-into-saudi-led-strikes-in-yemen-raises-questions-over-uk-role">published a report</a> and Parliament's International Development Committee <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/ministers-wined-and-dined-by-arms-trade-hours-after-mps-demand-ban-on-selling-weapons-to-saudi-a6850751.html">has raised concerns</a> that British weapons are breaching international humanitarian law in the conflict against Yemen and demanded a ban on arms sales. Despite evidence that civilians and civilian targets including schools, MSF hospitals and a wedding have been bombed indiscriminately, the UK government will <a href="https://www.caat.org.uk/get-involved/act-now/petition/stop-arming-saudi">do nothing</a> to jeopardise its relationship with its biggest arms customer: BAE is profiting from the bombing having recently <a href="http://www.standard.co.uk/business/bae-systems-hits-turbo-on-typhoon-jets-thanks-to-middle-east-conflict-a3183666.html">secured new sales</a> of Typhoon fighter jets and Hawk training jets.</p> <p>If the UK government refuses to do what's right, we are left with little choice but to take matters into our own hands. Andrea's book is a useful and inspiring read for anyone who wants to take action. The book does a great job of demystifiying direct action and even includes a handy list of steps to do and think about to make and action the Seeds of Hope possible.</p> <p><em>BAE Systems continues to arm repressive regimes. If you are in the UK, find out how you can hold the company to account at its <a href="https://www.caat.org.uk/events">AGM on 4 May</a>. Email <a href="mailto:action@caat.org.uk">action@caat.org.uk</a> for more information.</em></p> <p><em>Join the campaign to #<a href="https://www.caat.org.uk/get-involved/act-now/petition/stop-arming-saudi">StopArmingSaudi.</a></em></p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/92" hreflang="en">United Kingdom</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/444" hreflang="en">War starts here</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/62" hreflang="en">small arms</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/66" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Training</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-companies--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-companies.html.twig * field--expert--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-companies.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-companies--story.html.twig * field--node--field-companies.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-companies.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/282" hreflang="en">BAE Systems</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=26133&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="3bt0-1c76ZlAwgwVdmzx-WTcbZOVPWo8GQGbHJr4mhk"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 26 Feb 2016 11:59:10 +0000 HBrock 26133 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2016/book-review-hammer-blow#comments No to Equality in Militarism! https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/No-to-Equality-in-Militarism <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25750.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25750" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 29 Jan 2016</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="b0bcf81b-6539-4f25-9b36-9f6a19d2f97f" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/5019928008_2b28986bdb_b-e1451387970945-920x384.home.jpg?itok=wMG8DBp9 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/5019928008_2b28986bdb_b-e1451387970945-920x384.home.jpg?itok=wMG8DBp9" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> Statement of the feminist collective <a href="http://tomov.gr/en/">TO MOV</a> (Greece) co-signed by the <a href="http://www.antirrisies.gr/">Association of Greek Conscientious Objectors</a></em></p> <p>At a time when the democratic demand is the abolition of compulsory military service, the ministry of Defense, on the contrary, seems to wish the extension of this service to women.<br /><br /> According to publications, a new bill is prepared for the foundation of military secondary schools (lycea) in which all those planning to follow military or police professions will enrol, and also the women enrolling such lycea will have to subsequently perform “voluntary” military service, in order to be eligible for exams in the respective academies. We are faced with a proposal for radical and reactionary reform of the education system in the second grade, which must not pass. What does the Minister of Education say? Does the Minister of Defense decide alone for his own ministry? On what right?</p> <!--break--><p>The intention of Defense Minister Mr. Kamenos, for the “voluntary” military service of the women had been publicised a few months ago, with the promise that these women would get points which would help them for appointment in the public sector. How “voluntary” could such service be, at a time when 60% of the young women are unemployed? It is simply the cheese in a military trap, that could be eaten by quite a few women.<br /><br /> Of the 47 member-states of the Council of Europe, 28 of which are members of the European Union, only in 16 is there compulsory military service today. Moreover, the only example for womens’ conscription we have is in Israel, this supermilitarised and aggressive state, where the women’s and feminist organisations are fighing for peace and against military service of men and women, as well as for the defense of all those rejecting conscription. We, also, defend the conscientious objectors in Greece.<br /><br /> As feminists we have been declaring for many decades that equality in militarism does not favour gender equality but only the power centres, the weapons merchants and corruption.<br /><br /> Such reforms do not lead to equality, but on the contrary, place more obstacles to women, since, up to now, women and men have the right for career in the armed forces and the police in all skills, with uniform conditions and processes.<br /><br /> The specific proposal aims to close the gaps created by the decrease of defense budget (by 200 million euro for 2016). Despite the welcome decrease in this budget though, we remain the 7th country in the world (per capita) in military spending.<br /><br /> We demand the drastic decrease of military spending and the use of the funds saved to social services. We need more spending for education, since we spend less than half of the medium of the EU states. We need more teachers, more nurses and midwives, more doctors and more shelters for battered women, but less tanks, military aircrafts and faulty submarines.</p> <ul> <li>THE MOV (editorial committee and collective – <a href="mailto:info@tomov.gr" target="_blank">info@tomov.gr</a>)</li> <li><a href="http://aftoamyna.blogspot.gr/">WOMEN’S SELF DEFENSE GROUP</a> – <a href="mailto:atsarea1966@gmail.com" target="_blank">atsarea1966@gmail.com</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.facebook.com/Nimertis-Action-Art">NIMERTIS ACTION ART ΦΙΛΙΑ</a> – <a href="mailto:nimertisart@gmail.com" target="_blank">nimertisart@gmail.com</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.antirrisies.gr/">YOUNG GREENS</a> – <a href="mailto:neoi.prasinoi@gmail.com" target="_blank">neoi.prasinoi@gmail.com</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.antirrisies.gr/">ΑSSOCIATION OF CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS</a> (Greece)- <a href="mailto:arnisi@antirrisies.gr" target="_blank">arnisi@antirrisies.gr</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.sci.gr/">SERVICE CIVIL INTERNATIONAL HELLAS</a> – <a href="mailto:info@sci.gr" target="_blank">info@sci.gr</a></li> <li><a href="http://prasinoi.gr/">GREENS-SOLIDARITY </a>– <a href="mailto:info@prasinoi.gr" target="_blank">info@prasinoi.gr</a> </li> <li><a href="kosmosxorispolemous.gr">World free of War and Violence</a></li> </ul> <p><em>Source: <a href="http://tomov.gr/en/2016/01/18/%CF%8C%CF%87%CE%B9-%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7-%CE%BC%CE%B9%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%81%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AE-%CE%B9%CF%83%CF%8C%CF%84%CE%B7%CF%84%CE%B1/">TO MOV</a></em> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/wri-network" hreflang="en">WRI network</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">Right to Refuse to Kill</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/122" hreflang="en">Greece</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57" hreflang="en">Conscientious objection</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25750&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="cXw2Cfv66HsBtXuaVk1j58m2zSy5TXZLsvlX6PyrS4s"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Fri, 29 Jan 2016 14:58:12 +0000 HBrock 25750 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/No-to-Equality-in-Militarism#comments The Conscientious Objection Movement, Militarism & Gender in Turkey https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/the-conscientious-objection-movement-militarism-and-gender-in-Turkey <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25332.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25332" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 14 Dec 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><h3>Return to <a href="/cobook-online">Conscientious Objection: A Practical Companion for Movements</a></h3> <p style="text-align: left;"><em>Ferda Ulker, one of the first Turkish women to publicly declare herself a conscientious objector, writes about how gender and militarism intersect in the particular context of Turkish society, though her insights also have a broader application for any  patriarchal  and militarised society – which is to say, most if not all societies.</em></p> <p>The subject of this article is the importance of gender awareness in conscientious objection movements.  However, before examining the basis of the matter, it is illuminating to touch upon the meaning and importance of women’s conscientious objection, in this case through the lens of the Turkish experience: the concept of gender is an area that has been given a great deal of thought here, though more by feminists and lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) activists than mixed groups.</p> <p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="6a48ad50-d9f2-4cf3-b598-4a0aaf586c0b" title="A woman in Turkey speaks at a demonstration in solidarity with a detained conscientious objector in Cyprus" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/WomanLeadingTurkishDemo.home.jpg?itok=rX9PH9fk 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/images/WomanLeadingTurkishDemo.home.jpg?itok=rX9PH9fk" alt="" title="A woman in Turkey speaks at a demonstration in solidarity with a detained conscientious objector in Cyprus" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> <p>Conscientious objection is not merely a matter for men.  When we change our perspective and look at the phenomenon of conscientious objection from a broader point of view, we can understand why it is a matter for women, too.  Definitions of conscientious objection usually focus on the refusal of mandatory military service however, and in Turkey there is no compulsory military service for women. Many people are therefore confused about why women become conscientious objectors.  In fact, the same question, from a different perspective, might be relevant for men as well.  Being a conscientious objector is not the only way of not serving in the army which is open to men.  Besides, conscientious objection has some aspects which complicate their life.  This –  what we call ‘civil death’ – is a process that obstructs the social life of male conscientious objectors and prevents them from acting freely.  But instead of becoming an objector, a man could choose other paths, such as working abroad, living as a deserter or delaying his military service by pursuing an academic career for a long time, within which period he could get a ‘paid exemption from military service’, which has occasionally been introduced. Nevertheless, objectors do not choose these means. It is the clearest example that the main point of conscientious objection is something  other than the dichotomy of serving or not serving in the army. Fundamentally, conscientious objection means questioning all militarist structures within society, regardless of the gender of the objector.</p> <p>Women’s objection is not a phenomenon arising from their innately ‘peaceful nature’.  This understanding, in addition to any political arguments against it, is contrary to scientific facts. Women can base their political decisions either in peace or in war.  It is sometimes asserted that women are inherently peaceful because of motherhood, but even if this were true, no one can automatically become a mother just because she is a woman, so women cannot automatically be denominated  ‘peaceful’.  This does not only apply to women: no one is born with their political preferences.  But women and (other) LGBT people are particularly familiar with the concept of militarism, which is based on submission, body and soul, to another’s will.  There is also always an attempt to gain such control by patriarchy and its gender roles.  Militarism's main expectation of men who are subjected to conscription is similar: the conscientious objector Vedat Zencir  says  that ‘conscientious objectors perceive military service as suicide of the self’.</p> <p>The military, and military service as an aspect of militarism, is only the tip of the iceberg.  In fact, below the water line there is  invisible militarisation.  This invisible part is the driver behind visible militarisation i.e. military and military service, and it is integrated into the social fabric.  A conscientious objection movement which disregards this dimension renders its ongoing struggle imperfect.  When the invisible part of the iceberg is questioned, conscientious objection, as a political act, gains a wider recognition and practice.  Within this conception and practice, women and (other) LGBT people's conscientious objection becomes more understandable. In this invisible section of the iceberg we also confront social facts, such as patriarchy and gender roles, which maintain militarism.</p> <p>Patriarchy tries to create oppressive forms of belonging by disregarding individuals’ will over their own bodies and sexualities.  One of the priorities of both feminist and LGBT movements is often the protection of both the body and of identity.  Militarism cannot tolerate any will against itself.  Similarly, patriarchy cannot tolerate women and any will based on womanhood either.  It is seen as a threat. This is a nightmare for both militarism and patriarchy.  It must be kept under surveillance, monitored, and any awareness must be confronted.  Any refusal of the mandatory and oppressive forms of belonging results in social exclusion.  The ‘otherness’ which is created by this patriarchal system feeds hostility and fear.  Consequently, LGBT people, conscientious objectors, and women who voluntarily confront being 'othered' by society, can often understand each other.  The solidarity network of the conscientious objection movement against social exclusion and otherness has a vital importance.</p> <p>In Turkey, MOTHERland is the motif most commonly applied to that primary concern of all militaries: the 'protection of territorial integrity'.  The homeland is mother, woman, and honour, and honour must be protected!  Indeed, this honour is supposedly so important that its protection cannot be left to women.  We are expected to be the 'heroic mothers' of soldiers who are to be sent into the arena, and to give birth to boys in the first place.  We are expected to be patriotic enough to sacrifice these sons for the homeland, and to applaud those who win in their fight with another state’s homeland.  Rape is viewed as legitimate if it is committed in the 'enemy’s' homeland, but it is a 'loss of honour' in our own.  This mostly affects women.  Women might also be asked to 'satisfy' soldiers sexually.  These immoral demands of militarism can be accounted for by the cooperation between militarism, patriarchy, and gender roles.</p> <p>Militarist society is immoral because it is authoritarian and hierarchical.  This structure can be seen within our  homes.  While the father is the house commander, sons, mothers and daughters are, in accordance with the age hierarchy, soldiers.  Commanders/ fathers, whose demands are performed without quetsion, are the most prominent figures.  Women's bodies and sexualities are under the command of their husbands/ fathers.  It does not matter what women want or do not want: this is a question of duty and they must performed upon command and whenever the commander asks for it.  Who can do that without ignoring their own identity?  No one.  In a family which attaches particular importance to sons, they are still only accepted as 'real men' after they have performed their military service.  In fact, every house is a little barrack.  In Turkey, people ‘do not marry their daughters to those who have not performed their military service’.  A man can only be seen as a 'real man’ and get  married if he performs military service.  In this understanding, a man is expected to behave like a military commander and be commander of his wife and children.  Therefore, the situation is no different to the military in his house and although the picture I paint is of the Turkish household, many women will identify with parts of this experience, even those in less obviously militarised societies and where women are now supposedly more emancipated.</p> <p>Schools, which are the first 'official' place of  socialisation for kids, work to a military order as well.  The first thing we learn, before the alphabet, is to obey orders.  Disobeying orders requires punishment.  The punishment method, which mostly entails violence, works like the method that destroys the self of a soldier.  We are expected to obey without any questioning.  Moreover, the streets can tell us how militarised a society is.  Streets and parks are named after 'martyrs'.  Statues are built to these 'martyrs' in city squares.  Significant parts of cities, mostly the centres, are surrounded with wire fence.  It is not just forbidden to enter these buildings, even taking a photo is not allowed.</p> <p>In homes, on the streets, at work: militarism is everywhere!!!</p> <p>Patriarchy collaborates with militarism.  Within this system, which puts men at the centre, women are given a secondary role.  In patriarchy the ones who have a right to speak are men.  It is a world which keeps women in the background even though they undertake so many tasks.  Militarism as a patriarchal system does not only ignore women, however.  It also ignores LGBT people (including LGBT women, of course).  Same sex attraction is seen as a disease and must be treated. Same sex attracted people are exposed to social exclusion as a result of the ‘rotten reports’ of militarism in Turkey, which are given to gay, bisexual, and disabled men to exempt them from military service (see more in following two chapters).  Furthermore, LGBT people are not accepted as natural aspects of social life by the patriarchal system.  While women may be seen as elements that can ‘somehow’ be handled, same sex attraction among men questions manhood and breaks the established order.  Both militarism and patriarchy are afraid of all women, whether LGBT or not.  But they are also afraid of LGBT men, and people with non-binary gender identities, who threaten the concepts of 'manhood' and 'womanhood' as defined by the system.</p> <p>Gender roles collaborate with militarism.  Gender is a social phenomenon which uses the sex we are assigned at birth as the basis for roles that are taught and expected to be accepted without dispute.  The approach of patriarchy, which  puts men first, creates the model for being a woman or a man through gender roles.  This approach is expected to be accepted blindly.  Questioning these roles coercively assigned to us disrupts the social order.  During the distribution of these roles men are associated with authority and the public sphere while women are associated with the ‘private sphere’ and lack authority.  The entire social domain of life is shaped in accordance with these role models.  What this means for women is shouldering all housework, taking care of children and old people and obeying the head of the family, its 'commander'.</p> <p>What do gender roles tell us?  They determine what we can and cannot do as a man or a woman.  Our job, the places we can go, the clothes we can wear, our toys, who our intimate partners can be, where and how we can laugh, when and how we can be involved in public life, etc., etc.  Society has already determined everything for us according to whether we have been designated 'men' or 'women'.  The only thing that we can do is fit into these roles.  The similar control mechanism established over women through gender roles can be seen in superior/ subordinate relationships between members of different ranks in the armed forces.  Just like women, subordinates do not have the right to speak.  They have to obey orders without questioning them. Without the hegemony of violence, neither gender roles nor militarism can be maintained.  There must be constant fear in order to maintain 'the system’.</p> <p>The foundational concepts of militarism are: hierarchy, authority, power, unconditional obedience, and chain of command.  We confront all of these in patriarchy and its gender roles too.  Militarism, patriarchy, and gender roles constitute the corners of a triangle, which have a vital importance in maintaining each other.  As a matter of course, there is no place for women and (other) LGBT people in these corners.  Staying inside of this triangle and performing the roles appointed to us as women is extremely important.  In fact, everything is considered to be for our 'honour'.</p> <p>Militarism is afraid of women and wants to keep us under control through patriarchy and gender roles.  It is natural for a system which is executed over women's bodies and sexualitie to be confronted by a movement whose most active members are women.</p> <p>If the conscientious objection movement wants to have integrity and consistency, there is a need for both feminism and the LGBT movement, because feminism and the LGBT movement are aimed at questioning and transforming gender roles alongside the foundational concepts of militarism, listed above.  Conscientious objection movements both uncover and reject the masculine world fiction. Antimilitarist struggles and particularly conscientious objection movements have to be gender aware, as they already know.  In Turkey, both women and men's conscientious objections, particularly during the 1990s, have meant a riot against not just the military but also the militarisation of society.  In this regard, the ‘We Are Not Men Initiative’, started by men, is a good example.  It is impossible for the conscientious objection movement, which says ‘no’ to the hierarchical, masculine and authoritarian structure of militarism, and declares that the movement will even be maintained, if necessary, with the great influence of conscience alone, not to be gender aware.</p> <p>We women, the others of society, we conscientious objectors, and we LGBT people can create a world that includes us only through solidarity and encouraging ourselves.  You might 'somehow' refrain from serving in the army.  However, you cannot be outside of the militarist world which suppresses and regulates us all, especially women.  In that case what we can do is fight and make something change.  Another world is always possible.</p> <p> </p> <p style="text-align: right;">(I would like to thank to Asli, Aynur, Ayse, Canan, Gulsen, Vedat. I am so glad to have their support.)</p> <p style="text-align: left;"><em>Translated from Turkish by Demet Catelkin</em><br />  </p> <h3>Go to next chapter: <a href="/cobook-online/the-role-of-LGBT-and-womens-conscientious-objections-in-the-Turkish-conscientious-objection-movement">The Role of LGBT and Women’s Conscientious Objections in the Turkish Conscientious Objection Movement</a></h3> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57" hreflang="en">Conscientious objection</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25332&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="S3t-HONYw8TpkubL2XPXfFXgETkPT72WqHy66FfBWjo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Mon, 14 Dec 2015 14:36:17 +0000 HBrock 25332 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/the-conscientious-objection-movement-militarism-and-gender-in-Turkey#comments Gender, Defence and War Profiteering https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/gender-defence-and-war-profiteering <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25225.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25225" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 26 Nov 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>Jasmin Nario-Galace</em></p> <p>In 2014, according to the IHS Global Defence Trade Report, global defence trade increased to $64.4 billion, up from $56.8 billion the previous year. The report underscored that the US supplied one-third of all exports followed by the Russian Federation, France, UK and Germany. Seven of the top 10 defence importers were from Asia-Pacific: India, China, Taiwan, Australia, South Korea, Indonesia and Pakistan. The top 5 company exporters are Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Raytheon, Airbus Group and UAC. The first three are US companies while the last two have headquarters in France and Russia, respectively.<sup><a name="sdfootnote1anc" href="#sdfootnote1sym" id="sdfootnote1anc"><sup>1<img src="/sites/all/modules/wysiwyg/plugins/break/images/spacer.gif" alt="&lt;--break-&gt;" title="&lt;--break--&gt;" border="0" /></sup></a></sup></p> <p>SIPRI reported that global military expenditures in 2014 reached US$1776 billion with China, India, Japan, South Korea and Australia on the Top 15 of countries with the highest military expenditures.<sup><a name="sdfootnote2anc" href="#sdfootnote2sym" id="sdfootnote2anc"><sup>2</sup></a></sup></p> <!--break--><p>While countries beef up their defence systems to “protect” their people, their territorial integrity and national sovereignty against internal and external threats, those who profit from the huge spending on defence and military and from wars, in general, make tons of money.</p> <p>Huge military and defence spending has many costs. The defence trade, profitable for a few, engenders, fuels and sustains armed conflicts. The IISS reported that there were 42 active armed conflicts in 2014 with 180,000 fatalities.<sup><a name="sdfootnote3anc" href="#sdfootnote3sym" id="sdfootnote3anc"><sup>3</sup></a></sup></p> <p>The traditional notion of defence presupposes that there is always danger, threat or attack. The meaning of defence has been constructed in a way that has led governments and non-state actors to build up their weapon arsenals and prepare for counter-attack. Defence has become synonymous with violence and militarism.</p> <p>This notion of defence has gendered implications. Defence has become male territory supporting gendered power of men against women. This notion of defence has fuelled, sustained and exacerbated armed conflicts where rape is used as a tactic of war. Such notion has led to displacement where, “women and girls comprise about half of any refugee, internally displaced or stateless population”, according to UNHCR. Women camping out in evacuation centres suffer from a lack of health-related services making lives doubly miserable for those who are pregnant, menstruating or lactating. Reports of sexual harassment are also high in evacuation camps.</p> <p>Indeed, the notion of defence which militarises society puts women at more risk, making war profiteering and gender-based violence a vicious cycle. Additionally, women who feel unsafe begin to arm themselves against male violence, further beefing up arms sales.</p> <p>This traditional notion of defence - masculine and reinforcing of patriarchy - has led to excessive global military spending which impacts on the ability of governments to deliver basic social services such as health, livelihood and education especially for women; thereby reducing further, the chance for gender equality.</p> <p>But women, in history, have not just been watching as war profiteers laugh their way to the bank. Women peace activists have always questioned the dominant security paradigm that invests money in the military-industrial complex rather than on services that will support human development.</p> <p>Women have been in the forefront of campaigns against the institutionalisation and glamorisation of violence. They have been in the forefront of campaigns for the enactment of treaties in the global level and laws in the local levels that will help prevent sex and gender-based violence. They have been in the forefront of efforts to educate for peace so that the future generations may know that war solves nothing, and that there are nonviolent solutions to the conflicts that confront the community of nations and communities within nations. Women are at the forefront of efforts at disarmament and arms control knowing that the proliferation of weapons can trigger violence that will put them, their loved ones and their communities at risk. They have been in the forefront of campaigns to cut military expenditures and calls to divert these resources to development, aware that armed conflicts are often caused by poverty and injustice. They have been working in communities to prevent and mediate in conflicts, as well as in addressing their root causes.</p> <p>And they are at the forefront of efforts to go beyond women, understanding that men have a stake in challenging militarisation where they are major actors and victims.</p> <p>They do all these, because they cannot reconcile how weaponization can bring security, as war profiteers proclaim. The security they know is anchored in the ability of people to resolve their conflicts constructively and nonviolently; in the ability of their government to deliver services that will guarantee their rights and well-being. Despite the odds, they will persist in using their agency to get to peace and human security.</p> <p><em>Jasmin Nario-Galace is Executive Director of the Center for Peace Education in Miriam College in the Philippines. She is National Coordinator of the Women Engaged in Action on 1325 and President of Pax Christi-Pilipinas.. She is a member of the Women Peacemakers’ Program-Asia and is in the Steering Committee of the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders.</em></p> <div id="sdfootnote1"> <p><a name="sdfootnote1sym" href="#sdfootnote1anc" id="sdfootnote1sym">1 </a>IHS Newsroom. Saudi Arabia Replaces India as Largest Defence Market for US, IHS Study Says. (March 7, 2015). Retrieved September 19, 2015, from <a href="http://press.ihs.com/press-release/aerospace-defense-terrorism/saudi-arabia-replaces-india-largest-defence-market-us-ihs">http://press.ihs.com/press-release/aerospace-defense-terrorism/saudi-ar…</a>-</p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote2"> <p lang="en-PH" xml:lang="en-PH"><a name="sdfootnote2sym" href="#sdfootnote2anc" id="sdfootnote2sym">2 </a>Sam Perlo-Freeman, Aude Fleurant, Pieter D. Wezeman and Siemon T. Trends in world military expenditure, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2015 from <a href="http://books.sipri.org/product_info?c_product_id=496">http://books.sipri.org/product_info?c_product_id=496</a></p> </div> <div id="sdfootnote3"> <p lang="en-PH" xml:lang="en-PH"><a name="sdfootnote3sym" href="#sdfootnote3anc" id="sdfootnote3sym">3 </a>IISS. Armed Conflict Survey 2015 Press Satement. (May 19, 2015). Retrieved September 19, 2015 from <a href="https://www.iiss.org/en/about%20us/press%20room/press%20releases/press%20releases/archive/2015-4fe9/may-6219/armed-conflict-survey-2015-press-statement-a0be">https://www.iiss.org/en/about%20us/press%20room/press%20releases/press%…</a></p> </div> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25225&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="zo3RowEQQlWqvkH8Cz_JVmxXkKHoawzhg0HoPpkf7Bg"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Thu, 26 Nov 2015 12:38:45 +0000 Andrew 25225 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/gender-defence-and-war-profiteering#comments Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/against-all-odds-voices-popular-struggle-iraq <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--25214.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="25214" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 23 Nov 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> </p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="25a6d947-e3a2-42b0-b118-d17f6b699306" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-left"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/AgainstAllOdds.home.jpg?itok=TWuHGB_j 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/AgainstAllOdds.home.jpg?itok=5_gMgCaI" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --> We're delighted to add a new publication to WRI's online book store! <strong><a href="/node/25212">Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq</a></strong>, from Ali Issa of <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/">War Resisters League</a>. <p>Collected from dozens of interviews with, and reports from, Iraqi feminists, labor organizers, environmentalists, and protest movement leaders, Against All Odds presents the unique voices of progressive Iraqi organizing on the ground. Dating back to 2003, with an emphasis on the 2011 upsurge in mobilization and hope as well as the subsequent embattled years, these voices belong to Iraqis asserting themselves as agents against multiple local, regional, and global forces of oppression.</p> <p>You can find the accompanying Organizing &amp; Study Guide <a href="https://www.warresisters.org/resources/against-all-odds-organizing-study-guide">here</a>.</p> <p><strong>Buy it here:</strong> <a href="/node/25212">/node/25212</a></p> <!--break--> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-countries--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-countries.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-countries--story.html.twig * field--node--field-countries.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-countries.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-other-publications--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications--story.html.twig * field--node--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-other-publications.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Other publications</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/75" hreflang="en">Books</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=25214&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="b-k8r9QlPF_x3za0OCvLqXnMwbe8hhm5Jsvs70v6lW4"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Mon, 23 Nov 2015 14:30:04 +0000 HBrock 25214 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/against-all-odds-voices-popular-struggle-iraq#comments Editorial https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/editorial-1 <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--24688.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="24688" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 23 Jun 2015</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Our CO-Update this month is a reminder that, as we work together as an international movement against war, the repercussions of resistance to militarism is often felt by individuals refusing to fight. Our Finnish friends have written of the history of the movement in Finland where resistance to conscription began, in some form, in 1901. Reading about how a movement began, has changed and grown, and the successes it has had as it continues to resist conscription into the military, is motivating – I wonder if those early war resisters expected us to still be resisting militarism, over a century later?</p> <p>In some cases we have good news; in a surprise judgement, three South Korean CO's have <a href="node/24671">been found not guilty of draft evasion</a>. In Belarus we hear of a step forward for some CO's there, after a new <a href="node/24664">'Alternative Service Law' was adopted</a>, though the law does not go anywhere near far enough. Similarly, in Egypt, two CO's have been exempted from the military - no structural conditions have changed in Egypt, but this is an important change for the individuals involved. Other stories are a reminder of how far we still have to go - Greek CO Dimitris Sotiropoulos was <a href="node/24666">found guilty of insubordination </a>after a trial at a military court, and in Syria, <a href="node/24672">Kurdish men have been arrested</a> and forced into the Kurdish 'People's Defence Service'.</p> <p>Normally for the CO-Update, WRI staff members collect the news and write the pieces ourselves. In this edition however, we're lucky to have had several pieces written for us by the WRI network. Alongside the piece from Finland, we also have two pieces from Eritrea; one looks at the <a href="node/24668">broad societal impact of conscription </a>in the country, the other is a series of <a href="node/24670">testimonies from women</a>, exploring the way militarism pervades every aspect of life in Eritrea. From the Czech Republic, we have news on the <a href="node/24665">collection of details of civilians</a> willing to volunteer for military service if the state and military deem this necessary, blurring the line between the military and wider society. At the same time, Lithuania has reinstated conscription - <a href="node/24667">two artists have used photography</a> to explore the gender dimensions of this.</p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">Right to Refuse to Kill</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/68" hreflang="en">WRI activists</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/58" hreflang="en">total objection</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/65" hreflang="en">Mercenaries</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57" hreflang="en">Conscientious objection</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=24688&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="nb3FUVLXxfR89LijY8gx2xwQIsx2_80NXj5m6Bd_CRk"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Tue, 23 Jun 2015 11:43:31 +0000 Andrew 24688 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2015/editorial-1#comments Women say no to NATO! https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2014/women-say-no-nato <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_entity_view' --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'ds_1col' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * ds-1col--node--23579.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node-story.html.twig * ds-1col--node-rss.html.twig * ds-1col--node.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig x ds-1col.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <div data-history-node-id="23579" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--node-post-date---custom.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--node-post-date.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date--story.html.twig * field--node--node-post-date.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--node-post-date.html.twig * field--ds.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <time > 04 Sep 2014</time> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--body--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--body--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--body.html.twig * field--default--body--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--body.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig * field--node--body--story.html.twig * field--node--body.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--body.html.twig * field--text-with-summary.html.twig x field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span></span></span><span><span><em>Position paper originating at the women’s workshop at the Counter Summit “No new Wars - No to NATO” </em></span></span></p> <p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span><em>Newport, 1 September</em></span></span><span><span><em>, 2014 </em></span></span></p> <p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span></span></span></p> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'entity_embed_container' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><div data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="8fa03bd3-e6d8-48f9-bcec-24e3c60b4b7e" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image_formatter' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'responsive_image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- THEME DEBUG --><!-- THEME HOOK: 'image' --><!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><p><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/WSNNNewport1.home.jpg?itok=6j1Sgstk 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/WSNNNewport1.home.jpg?itok=6j1Sgstk" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></p> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image.html.twig' --><!-- END OUTPUT from 'core/modules/responsive_image/templates/responsive-image-formatter.html.twig' --></div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/entity_embed/templates/entity-embed-container.html.twig' --><p> </p> <p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span>As women of the No to War, No to NATO international action network we join in wholehearted condemnation of NATO as an aggressive, expansionist, nuclear armed military alliance. Its creation fostered decades of Cold War, its continued existence has perpetuated armed conflicts and wars, and its intention is clearly to assure long-term worldwide control by the USA and its allies in the interests of global corporate capital.</span></span></p> <p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span>As women too we have a gender specific case against NATO. On the one hand women suffer in acute and particular ways in armed conflict. On the other we have unique and under-recognized capabilities and opportunities for peace-making. Expenditure on militarization means funds diverted from public and social services such as health, housing and education of crucial importance to women, who worldwide carry by far the greater burden of care work, both paid and unpaid. </span></span></p> <p><span><span>We observe with interest the energy with which NATO has recently been “mainstreaming” gender policies into its structures and operations in the name of implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325 of 2000 on </span></span><span><span><em>Women Peace and Security</em></span></span><span><span>. We note its appointment of a woman Special Representative to the Secretary General on this theme.</span></span></p> <p><a></a><span><span>And we state unequivocally that Resolution 1325, instigated by women’s organizations at the UN, is and has never been intended to be a mechanism for “improving” militarism, or making war “better for women”. The “security” promoted by the defence industry and military is very far from women’s meaning for the word: “human security”, the well-being of all people.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>A feminist analysis developed and activated by women of diverse cultures and on every continent, identifies </span></span><span><span><em>patriarchy</em></span></span><span><span>, the power system of male dominance, in malign partnership with capitalism, nationalism and colonialism, as a root cause of war.</span></span></p> <p lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE" xml:lang="de-DE"><span><span>We call for a radical reinterpretation of masculinity and its divorce from militarism, violence and domination, in the interests of both women and men.</span></span></p> <p> </p> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/field/field.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-programmes-projects--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects--story.html.twig * field--node--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-programmes-projects.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-theme--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-theme.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-theme--story.html.twig * field--node--field-theme.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-theme.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/444" hreflang="en">War starts here</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/273" hreflang="en">gender and militarism</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/466" hreflang="en">feminist</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--field-institutions--rss.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-institutions--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--story.html.twig * field--expert--node--field-institutions.html.twig * field--expert--field-institutions--story.html.twig * field--expert--story.html.twig * field--expert--field-institutions.html.twig * field--expert.html.twig * field--ds-field-expert.html.twig * field--node--field-institutions--story.html.twig * field--node--field-institutions.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--field-institutions.html.twig * field--entity-reference.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Institutions</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/393" hreflang="en">North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO</a></span> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-field-expert.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'links__node' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * links--node.html.twig x links.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/contrib/bootstrap/templates/system/links.html.twig' --> <!-- THEME DEBUG --> <!-- THEME HOOK: 'field' --> <!-- FILE NAME SUGGESTIONS: * field--comment--rss.html.twig * field--default--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--node--story.html.twig * field--default--node--comment.html.twig * field--default--comment--story.html.twig * field--default--story.html.twig * field--default--comment.html.twig * field--default.html.twig * field--theme-ds-field-default.html.twig x field--node--comment--story.html.twig * field--node--comment.html.twig * field--node--story.html.twig * field--comment.html.twig * field.html.twig --> <!-- BEGIN OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=23579&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="kXPxk0qJB4IM8S3AQlwkUNY6id1wkNiwAvhfiH1w_j8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'themes/custom/wri_main/templates/field/field--node--comment--story.html.twig' --> </div> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-1col.html.twig' --> <!-- END OUTPUT from 'modules/contrib/ds/templates/ds-entity-view.html.twig' --> Wed, 03 Sep 2014 23:00:00 +0000 javier 23579 at https://updates.wri-irg.org https://updates.wri-irg.org/en/story/2014/women-say-no-nato#comments